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University of Nairobi (2017)

Effects of Climate Variability on Human Migration Dynamics : a Case Study of Ifo Refugee Camp, Daadab Complex - Kenya

Ahmed, Abdullahi, S

Titre : Effects of Climate Variability on Human Migration Dynamics : a Case Study of Ifo Refugee Camp, Daadab Complex - Kenya

Auteur : Ahmed, Abdullahi, S

Université de soutenance : University of Nairobi

Grade : Masters of Arts in International Conflict Management 2017

Résumé
Climate Variability is the short to medium term shift in weather patterns in a specific region or globally. Unlike global warming, which refers increase of surface temperature of the earth’s surface, climate variability refers to changes in regions, including precipitation, temperatures and cloud cover among others. Experts in the field of climate studies consider variability to be caused by human activities that have resulted in increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere including carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, Ozone, and nitrous oxide Climate variability is directly or indirectly attributed to human activity which changes what makes up the global atmosphere and is observed over different periods of time. The main aim of the study was to examine the impacts of climate variability on human migration and further assess the situation in the Dadaab refugee complex. The specific objectives were to find out the relationship between climate variability and human migration, to assess the impact of climate variability on IFO refugee camp, and to find out how refugees in the Daadab complex respond/adapt to climate variability in the IFO refugee camp, in Dadaab, Kenya. This study employed descriptive research design and it sought to describe the extent to which climate variability and related factors lead to migration and related challenges. The use of descriptive study enabled the researcher to find out facts without manipulating data, inquire and search opinions, describe, analyze and interpret the influence and relationship between the variables involved in the study. A survey methodology was used in this study where individual respondents will be sampled from each of the target respondents’ category in reference to the size of the target samples. Data was collected personally by the researcher and responses were done directly into English from Kiswahili during the interviews. After collection data was coded showing the study locations, the different types of interviews and sex of the respondents. The study found that Climate change is undermining the livelihoods and security of many people, exacerbating income differentials and deepening inequalities. Over the last two decades the number of recorded natural disasters has doubled from some 200 to over 400 per year. The study further found that people may become displaced either within their own countries or across international borders due to change in climate. While the latter type of movement is less likely, at least in the initial phases of displacement, regard must also be had to the situation of migrants who find themselves outside their country of nationality as disaster strikes there, and are thus unable and/or unwilling to return home.

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