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University of Nairobi (2017)

Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Food and Nutrition Security at Household Level in Garba Tulla Sub-county

Armara, Macimiliam G

Titre : Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Food and Nutrition Security at Household Level in Garba Tulla Sub-county

Auteur : Armara, Macimiliam G

Université de soutenance : University of Nairobi

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCE IN CLIMATE CHANGE 2017

Résumé
The purpose of the study was to assess the Impact of climate change on food and nutrition security at household level in Garbatulla sub-county. The study was guided by four research objectives ; namely to assess the health profile and availability and distribution of food at household level in three wards of Garbatulla sub-county, secondly to evaluate the level of nutrition and food security of households for women of reproductive age and children under five years old in Garbatulla Sub-County ; thirdly to assess existing coping strategies and identify barriers and opportunities for improving food and nutrition security at household and community level in Garbatulla Sub-County ; and fourthly to determine the temporal patterns of temperature and rainfall over the region of study. The study was designed as a cross sectional survey which investigated households food and nutrition status in the midst of the climate change. The study aimed at collecting information from respondents on their current food and nutrition status and adaptation strategies. Children aged 6 to 59 months were chosen because they are more vulnerable and serve as a proxy to nutritional status. Data in the study was collected using a set of four questionnaires ; all build on questionnaires that were used in data collection for Quantitative analysis of data from HFIAS (Household Food Insecurity Assess Questionnaire). This was performed by using analytical computer package SPSS version 20.0 and Microsoft Office Excel 2003, from which univariate variables were obtained and used to identify linear correlation to find out the relationship between effects of climate change on food and nutrition security. Increased use of coping strategies, increasing food prices, increasing reliance on food aid and declining milk production are all indicative of a deteriorating food security and livelihoods situation. According to the study survey findings 279 of the households spent money on food, accounting for 53.86% of total expenditure across the surveyed households. However, other than food, each of the other reported types of expense account for relatively small percentages of the total expenditure. This indicates that households in the sub-county are vulnerable to increases in food prices as this would push up food expenditure even further relative to other items

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Page publiée le 27 avril 2018