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University of Nairobi (2017)

Factors Influencing Sustainability of Community Based Borehole Water Supply Projects in Kitui South Sub-county, Kenya

Mwakazi, Gershon M

Titre : Factors Influencing Sustainability of Community Based Borehole Water Supply Projects in Kitui South Sub-county, Kenya

Auteur : Mwakazi, Gershon M

Université de soutenance : University of Nairobi


The study was purposed to investigate factors influencing sustainability of community managed borehole water supply systems in Kenya with focus on Kitui South sub- county. There were three objectives for this study, namely ; to determine whether project management skills of project committees managing community boreholes water supply influence sustainability of the projects ; to assess how Social factors impact sustainability of community managed boreholes water supply and to establish if the technical support provided by government officers from the line ministries and private technicians is enough to sustain community managed bore holes water supply. The study was based on three theories namely Sustainability theory, Stewardship theory and Decentralization theory. Research methodology used in this study is descriptive survey . Simple random sampling and purposive sampling was employed in this study . To collection of primary data, questionnaires and interview guides were used . Sample was drawn from a total target population of 195 people comprising of executive and non-executive members of community borehole water projects. Fitty six (56) executive members out of population of 65 members and ninety eight (98) non-executive committee members out of population of 130 members were to be interviewed. 95.5% of the respondents completed the questionnaires . Four (4) Key management staff from the government ministry of water, non
-  governmental organization (Mutomo Sweden group and World vision International) were interviewed as key informants . Research instruments used include structured questionnaire and interview guide. The data that was collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. Microsoft word, excel spread sheet and the Statistical Package of Social Science was used in data analysis. Tables were used to present analysed . The study established that among the respondents interviewed sixty seven (67) representing 45.6% were men and eighty (80) representing 54.4% were women . Among the respondents those between the ages of 41-60 were the majority with 57.1%. The study findings showed that 59.2% of the community based borehole water project committee members received training on leadership and 55.8% of the community water project committee members understood the terms of reference of the water management committees. 52.4% of the respondents were satisfied with the level at which community priorities are considered and 45.6 % of the respondents believed that community members participate in water pro ject activities . 46.9% of the community borehole water project committee members interviewed received some training on project operations and maintenance. Going by findings in this research, it was concluded that project management skills, social factors and technical support have significant influence on community based water projects. Based on this rese arch findings the following recommendations were made ; the ministry of water and the ministry of social services should factor in their annual budgets capacity building funds for committees managing community based water project committees to enhance sustainability of these projects. Since water and sewerage services are devolved to County Governments, the County Governments should come up with regulations guiding how service providers should charge for the services they render to community water projects. This will cushion community projects from exploitation by un scrupulous service providers. It is recommended that choice of technology to be used in community water projects, be based on maintenance cost, spare parts availability and technical know-how required for maintenance of the water project. This should be regulated by the ministry in charge of water resources. The following are suggestions for further studies ; Conduct research on the effectiveness of the existing policy guidelines regulating operations of community based water projects in Kenya and give appropriate recommendations. Carryout research on various technologies being deployed in community based borehole water projects and make recommendations on the most appropriate technologies for rural community water projects. Conduct research on factors that hinder social inclusion in management of community water resources in Kenya


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