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University of Nairobi (2017)

Public health risks of urban livestock keeping : a case study of Makadara Sub-county in Nairobi

Githiri, Grace W

Titre : Public health risks of urban livestock keeping : a case study of Makadara Sub-county in Nairobi

Auteur : Githiri, Grace W

Université de soutenance : University of Nairobi

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCE IN SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT (MSc-SUD) 2017

Résumé
Livestock keeping is one type of farming that is gradually gaining popularity in urban areas. More often than not, it is a way of supplementing food or income for, especially the urban poor living in informal settlements. However, livestock keeping, whether in the rural or urban areas, is associated with a number of public health risks. The aim of this study is to assess the public health risks of urban livestock keeping – using Makadara sub-County in Nairobi as a case study. The objectives of the study are to (1) examine the nature and extent of urban livestock keeping in Makadara sub-County ; (2) assess the livestock keeping practices that result in public health risks ; and (3) determine innovative livestock keeping practices. Both primary and secondary data were used to achieve these objectives. Primary data was collected through questionnaires, in-depth interviews, key informants interviews and direct field observations. The study results are largely based on data generated from a sample of 30 livestock keepers in three administrative wards of Makadara sub-County, namely Viwandani, Makonge ni and Hamza. Majority of the urban livestock keepers were male who ventured into the practice as an income generating activity. It is not surprising that many of the livestock keepers preferred small animals (poultry, rabbits) because of their fast maturity, fast selling products and less demand for space. The main public health implications observed were related to handling and disposal of livestock wastes. Disease management was also a concern. This is because none of the farmers reported withdrawal from consumption of livestock or livestock products during and after administration of drugs. However, some of the public health risks have resulted in innovations – as a way of dealing with the situation. Livestock waste being a nuisance to urban livestock keepers has, as well become a resource. Livestock keepers utilize the waste in crop cultivation and levelling of animal sheds to deal with the dumpy and wet status of the sheds during the rainy season. The researcher observes that urban livestock keeping is important for the livelihoods of the households practicing it, and especially for the urban poor. The public health could be addressed through proper education and land use planning that incorporates urban farming

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