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Egerton University (2017)

Assessment of wood fuel utilization and efficiency of cooking stoves in Likia, Njoro Sub County, Kenya

WANJALA, FLORENCE MUKESIA

Titre : Assessment of wood fuel utilization and efficiency of cooking stoves in Likia, Njoro Sub County, Kenya

Auteur : WANJALA, FLORENCE MUKESIA

Université de soutenance : Egerton University

Grade : Master of Science in Natural Resource Management 2017

Résumé
Over 2.6 billion people of the world’s population prepare their food and heat their homes with biomass fuel mainly woodfuel. Wood fuel is used as a major source of energy without a replacement plan and is partly the cause of deforestation. Among the interventions identified as crucial to slowing down deforestation include promoting alternative sources of energy and using efficient stoves to reduce pressure on forest resources. This study examined wood fuel utilization and efficiency of cooking stoves among the rural population of Likia location, Njoro Sub County. A survey was conducted through a questionnaire administered to respondents from the study area. An experiment using the Water Boiling Test with Split Plot in Randomized Complete Block Experimental Design was used to study the heat gain and efficiencies of the stoves. The heating stoves were the sub plot factor and the sources of energy, the main plot factor. The study variables included temperature changes with time, heat gained during cooking and the efficiencies of the stoves. The mean heat gains and mean efficiencies were treated to ANOVA at 95% confidence level. Correlation analysis was used to study the effect of time on temperature change during cooking. Ninety percent of the respondents used woodfuel for cooking, while the three stone stove was used by 71% of the respondents. There was an acute wood fuel shortage that put pressure on the adjacent Mau forest. The highest mean heat gain was 288.9kJ ± SD 0.00 with the Olea africana/ceramic stove while the lowest mean heat gain was 58.6kJ ± SD 0.00 with the waste paper briquettes/wood ceramic stove and the corresponding mean efficiencies were 69% ± SD 0.00 and 14%± SD 0.00 respectively. Not all cooking stoves/woodfuel combinations were able to boil one litre of water within ten minutes. There was significant correlation between the cooking time and temperature changes at 95% confidence level. The LSD, found significant differences in mean heat gained due to the woodfuel used but not due to all the stoves used. There were significant differences in the mean efficiencies of the cooking stoves due to the fuel type, the stoves and interaction between the fuel and the stoves. The study recommends the promotion of on-farm forestry for woodfuel and timber production and creating awareness about the key ecological services provided by forest ecosystems. The promotion of improved energy saving stoves, the improvement of biomass briquette burning properties, the possibility of a subsidy provision for the people to enable their acquisition of alternative sources of energy such as solar energy panels is also recommended. These results are expected to promote sustainability in the wood fuel use and contribute to the slowing down of deforestation of the adjacent Mau Forest.

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Page publiée le 11 avril 2018, mise à jour le 12 juillet 2019