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2013

Supporting Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa to better manage Climate-related Risks to Crop Production and Post-harvest Handling

Afrique Australe

Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

Titre : Supporting Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa to better manage Climate-related Risks to Crop Production and Post-harvest Handling

Région /Pays : Afrique Australe

Date : 2013 -2015

Contexte
Rain-fed smallholder agriculture is the backbone of household livelihoods and national economies in the southern Africa region, contributing over 90% of direct and indirect employment in the region. However, crop productivity and production are low, and when combined with high post-harvest losses of up to 30%, are major contributory factors to food and nutrition insecurity in the region. Inherently infertile soils, unreliable rainfall, poor market and credit access combine to reduce productivity in the systems. The high dependence on rainfall of these smallholder farmers renders them particularly susceptible to the vagaries of climatic variability. The management of risks related to climatic variability is thus of paramount importance in creating more resilient cropping systems in the region. While climatic factors are important, social, institutional and economic circumstances are also major determinants of farmer production and post-harvest handling choices. Resilient cropping systems can only be possible when farmers employ strategies that take into consideration the physical environment (soils, water, and climate) as well as social, economic and institutional factors.

Présentation
The project was formulated to contribute to addressing the challenge of climatic hazards such as droughts, floods and cyclones, interacting with other factors such as food insecurity, and high HIV prevalence which lead to high vulnerability for millions of smallholders across southern Africa. Droughts alternate with floods and/or cyclones with devastating humanitarian effects, leading to loss of human life and assets in farming communities across the region. Climate change, with projected increases in the incidence and intensity of extreme climatic events, is likely to exacerbate existing vulnerabilities.

Objectif
The overall objective of the project is to improve and sustain household and national food security in southern Africa through better management of climatic risks by smallholder farmers. The project specifically seeks to : Develop and promote smallholder farmer innovative techniques, methods and approaches to managing risks to crop production and post-harvest handling associated with drought, floods and cyclones. Strengthen regional knowledge and institutional arrangements on risk management for crop production and post-harvest handling in areas prone to climatic hazards.

Financement : Project jointly funded by the European Union and the FAO

FANRPAN

Page publiée le 1er août 2018