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The challenges of producing chicken in Mali


Titre : The challenges of producing chicken in Mali

Pays : Mali

Dates : non précisée

The challenges of producing chicken in Mali Local chicken farmers buy these European chicken from Bamako (650km away) or in Dakar (Senegal, 750km). Not even 30% survive the trip. The remaining chicken will be unhealthy, expensive and overbred. These hybrids, developed in a lab, cannot reproduce, they are immediately after hatching very hungry. After five to six weeks (average is 42 days, depending on food and climate), the two kg chicken are slaughtered. If the animal would not be slaughtered at this age, they would be helpless and not be able to stand on their on feet. Farmers thus are faced with a large number of chicken that they have to slaughter at once. These need to be stored in freezers. Regular power failures cause serious problems, a lot of the meat eventually gets lost. During their short lifetime the chicken are housed in primitive stables, the intense heat of March to August makes a lot of victims. All these factors cause high prices (4-5 euro for 1,5kg), even higher than sheep or beef. They are only available during the cold season.

In Cooperation with the Institute for agriculture in Bamako, we selected the 3/4 variety for the Biopal Project. This race is very popular but hard. The Institute in Bamako is hopeful that it can change this with the help of Biopal. In addition to the 3/4 variety, the CouNue and Brahma are also highly demanded and suitable for the harsh environment. A combination of these three makes for an excellent breed, perfectly adapted for Mali. Although the growth of these breeds is a lot slower, this is also their advantage. They are robust, can withstand the heath and are more resistent to disease. The chicken lays fewer eggs (150/year), but these can be used to breed. These chicken can run freely outside, despite the weather conditions. Given the problems with chicken, eggs and meat and the high prices, the Biopal will have it’s focus on these problems.

The project focuses mainly on breeding chicken. Farmers can raise them and sell them. Stables and infrastructure are build for this purpose with our knowledge and adapted to the intense heat. Training our employees and farmers in the area is necessary to ensure the correct follow up for the project. This happens in coöperation with the local NGO Association pour le développement du Logo, in existence since 2003. The maximum capacity of the incubator is 26.000 eggs per month, currently we are working at 80% efficiency, meaning we produce 20.800 chics every month. Imported eggs from regular european chicken have an efficiency of just 60%, the difference can be explained by the fact that our own production can be placed in the incubator on the same day. All chicks undergo a vaccine program to protect them against illness during the first ten days of their lives and prior to being sold to the different participants.

Biopal breeds chicken in the Kayes region. These are available for local farmers that produce for the local market to elevate their income Production of breeding eggs, to avoid import Own incubator on site with a capacity of 30.000 every month. This modern installation works completely autonomously on solar power. An example for the region that this can be achieved without a reliable energy source. Chicks are delivered to farmers in the region, they grow them and sell them on the market or use them for own consumption. Farmers undergo a training in agriculture with an emphasis on poultry in coöperation with the local NGO.

Porteur du projet : Biopal Project

Biopal Project

Page publiée le 10 juin 2018