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Northwest A&F University (2018)

Economic Effect of Disasters on Livestock Mortality and Herders Livelihood in Mongolia

吴依(Bayasgalan Bilegjargal)

Titre : Economic Effect of Disasters on Livestock Mortality and Herders Livelihood in Mongolia

Auteur : 吴依(Bayasgalan Bilegjargal)

Grade : Master’s Theses 2018

Université : Northwest A&F University

Résumé
Extreme weather conditions affect livestock production which results in significant livestock mortality in Mongolian plateau.A study was carried out during February,2017 in South Gobi and Khentii provinces Mongolia,to determine the effect of disasters on livestock husbandry,livestock mortality and its effect on herder households economic losses.Our finding showed that disasters have a significant effect on livestock mortality.During 2015-16,extreme weather conditions and diseases significantly results in livestock mortality in South Gobi and Khentii provinces.Compared to large livestock,goats(56.4% & 64.2%)and sheeps(38.4% & 33.4%)mortality was significantly higher in South Gobi and Khentii province during 2015 and 2016.Livestock mortality significantly resulted in herder households economic losses.During 2015,per herder household economic losses in South Gobi and Khentii provinces was significantly higher(565.8 & 395 USD)as compared to 2016(232.5 & 296.6 USD),respectively.In Khentii province per interviewed household monthly income(238 USD)from livestock husbandry was 4.5% lower than their consumption(248.8 USD)while in South Gobi province monthly income(244.4 USD)was 5.8% higher than their monthly consumption(230.5 USD).Dzud,droughts,diseases,pastures degradation,fodder production and water unavailability during droughts are the crucial issues of herder livelihood in South Gobi and Khentii provinces.Therefore it is suggested that government should support herder households to improve their livelihood and reduce their economic losses because of diseases and extreme weather conditions.

Mots clés : Disasters; Livestock mortality; Economic loss; Mongolia;

Présentation (CNKI)

Page publiée le 8 octobre 2018