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2013

Promoting Good Governance in the Extractive Sector in Afghanistan (Mining Governance)

Afghanistan

Titre : Promoting Good Governance in the Extractive Sector in Afghanistan (Mining Governance)

Pays : Afghanistan

Durée : 2013 to 2018

Commettant : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Organisme de tutelle : Ministry of Mines and Petroleum (MoMP)

Contexte
Iron ore, gold, lithium, coal, copper and rare earths : Afghanistan is rich in mineral resources. The vast reserves remain untapped, however, because of a weak economy, a security situation that remains tense, and the persistent backlog of reforms. The problem is compounded by the illegal extraction of specific minerals, which holds potential for conflict. The standards adopted by the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), which Afghanistan joined in 2010, have yet to be fully implemented. The people in the provinces where the raw materials are extracted are rarely involved in the granting of licences, for example, or are ill-informed about the process. Laws are contradictory in part or insufficiently differentiated, thereby creating barriers to investment. Unsatisfactory reporting practices further compound the problem of lack of transparency.

Objectifs
Conditions for the transparent and effective management of the mining sector in Afghanistan have improved. EITI standards are being applied and more capital is being invested in the mining industry. Increased state revenue helps promote the development of the country.

Approche
The project focuses on strengthening the administrative structures of the Ministry of Mines and increasing its capacity for strategic governance through policy advice, support in legislative procedures and improvement of technical expertise. Mining oversight is improved first and foremost at provincial level. National and local dialogue with civil society, the private sector and government authorities through the Afghanistan EITI (AEITI) and support from the Ministry for public reporting promote transparency in the extractive sector. National and international networking in the sector also plays a part in this.

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 8 juillet 2018