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2015

Adapting to climate change (Mozambique)

Mozambique

Titre : Adapting to climate change (Mozambique)

Pays : Mozambique

Durée : 2015 to 2018

Commettant : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Organisme de tutelle : National Directorate of Water Resources Management (DNGRH), National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC)

Contexte
Mozambique is one of the countries most affected by the impacts of climate change. Widespread poverty, weak institutions and frequent, extreme weather events make the country particularly vulnerable. Droughts, floods and tropical cyclones are occurring more and more often, with devastating consequences for the country’s population and its infrastructure. Transboundary river basins are particularly hard hit. The rise in extreme weather events, compounded by uncontrolled logging, slash and burn farming and small-scale mining, is exposing the headwaters of these basins to soil loss and erosion. This in turn has a detrimental impact on the recharge of groundwater, soil retention capacity and the quality of surface water. Severe flooding is more frequently affecting the extensive river plains in the downstream areas, often claiming lives and destroying livelihoods, particularly among the poorest of the poor. In most cases, both droughts and flooding result in crop losses and subsequent famines.

Objectifs
The national framework and the action taken by the relevant stakeholders in the Rio Búzi catchment area are better adapted to the impacts of climate change on water resources.

Approche
One of the project’s priorities is integrating adaptation measures into the management of the water catchment area. For the most part, Mozambique shares the catchment areas of the rivers and estuaries which dominate much of its territory with its neighbouring countries. In the light of the above negative impacts of droughts and floods, it is of crucial importance to protect catchment areas and improve the management of available water resources. A committee has been formed consisting of representatives of major water users, including the agricultural sector, municipalities, water suppliers, the energy sector, civil society and environmental protection groups active in the catchment area. Working with these users, the project sets out to prioritise catchment area-specific adaptation measures. The aim is to reduce the vulnerability of the catchment area and its inhabitants to the effects of climate change, and to improve the resilience of the rural population in particular. Selected measures are to be implemented by the participating stakeholders.

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 3 juillet 2018