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Cairo University (2012)

STUDIES ON HONEYBEE COLONIES ACTIVITIES UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS OF NORTH SINAI

Ahmed Ali Mohammad Shaheen

Titre : STUDIES ON HONEYBEE COLONIES ACTIVITIES UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS OF NORTH SINAI

Auteur : Ahmed Ali Mohammad Shaheen

Université de soutenance : Cairo University

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCE In Agricultural Sciences (2012)

Résumé
This study was undertaken in North Sinai governorate during years of 2007&2008 and 2008&2009 .The activity of colonies in rearing brood.The highest sealed brood rearing was occurred in the spring season in Rafah and Shiekh Zowied, while in summer season in ElArish. The lowest sealed brood quantity was occurred at winter season in Rafah , Shiekh Zowied and, El-Arish. The highest unsealed brood rearing was occurred in the spring season in Rafah and El-Arish, while in autumn season in Shiekh Zowied. The lowest unsealed brood quantity at winter season in Rafah , Shiekh Zowied andin El-Arish., The highest drone brood production was found during spring season in Rafah, Shiekh Zowied and El-Arish., the lowest mean was in autumn seasons in Rafah, shiekh Zowied and El-Arish, The highest queen cups construction were recorded during spring season in Rafah, Shiekh Zowied and El-Arish., The highest queen cups construction recorded during spring season in Rafah, , Shiekh Zowied and El-Arish.The maximum quantity at summer season in Rafah, while it was in spring season in Shiekh Zowied and El-Arish, less amounts of pollen were stored in winter season in Rafah, Shiekh Zowied while autumn season in El-Arish,.The highest amount of stored honey were recorded in spring season in Rafah and Shiekh Zowied while it was recorded in autumn season in El-Arish. The lowest amount of the stored honey was in winter season in Rafah, Shiekh Zowied and El-Arish.The highest number of combs covered were recorded in spring season in Rafah and Shiekh Zowied while it was recorded in summer season in El-Arish. The lowest number of combs covered was in winter season in Rafah, Shiekh Zowied and El-Arish.Pollen gathering activity : Including Periodical pollen gathering activity at North Sinai.The highest amount were recorded during spring seasonNorth sinai region .And.IncludingPollen sources at North Sinai : the major pollen source could be arranged according to importance on the basis of pollen quantity as follows : Broad bean, (Vicia faba L.), Acacia (Acacia ssp),. Maize (Zea mays.), , Caper (Zygophyllum simplex), Vegetable marrow (Cucurbita pepo), Sunflower(Helianthus annuus), Daisy(Calendula arvensis), apples(Malus sylvestris), Almond tree(Prunus amygdalus,), marigold(Calendula officinalis), Prickly pear(Opuntia Ficus-indica) peaches(Prunus persica), coriander(Coriandrum sativum), Purslane(portulaca oleraceae) Aloe(Aloe vera), Eucalyptus(Eucalyptus spp), Sage(Salvia officinalis), Date-palm(phoenix dactylifera), Casuarina(Casuarina glauca), Citrus(Citrus spp).And about Pollen gathering activity at three hour intervals:a.occurred between 10-8 am hour, (43.8%), and between hour of 10-12 noon, (40.0%), And at 12-2 pm. came in the third rank representing 31.0%. , between 2-4 pm, (32.4 %) were recorded during a time from 10-12 am of the day., Sunflower, (37.0 %) was recorded during a time from 6-8 pm of the day

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