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2011

Integrated Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation

Erythrée

Titre : Integrated Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation

Pays : Erythrée

Durée : 22 July 2011 // July 2017

Contexte
Parts of the country lie in two Biodiversity Hotspots, with significant global environmental values. A portion of the south-central area of the country falls into the Eastern Afromontane Hotspot, and contains remnant but degraded Juiperus-Olea forest and scrub. The east and south-east of the country falls within the Horn of Africa Hotspot, which has relatively high endemism, although the arid conditions lead to low plant diversity. The country is also one of the centres of origin and diversity of agricultural biodiversity, primarily cereals including sorghum, wheat and barley. Some of the most significant biodiversity is found in the marine and coastal areas, with over 1248 fish species and 44 genera of hard corals being recorded. These are also the most intact of all ecosystems. Of further conservation significance are the breeding populations of sea birds (including, importantly, crab plovers, marine turtles (including the world’s largest hawksbill turtle and dugongs. There are relatively large stands of mangrove forest along the coast of Eritrea.

Descriptif
The project goal is to conserve a representative sample of Eritrea’s critical biodiversity. The objective is to establish a national system of protected areas to conserve biodiversity and mitigate land degradation pressures on habitats in key biodiversity areas, initially centred in the Semenawi- Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Areas Cluster.

Partenaire exécution : Department of Environment of the Ministry of Land, Water and Environment

Budget : $10,555,400

Présentation : PNUD

Page publiée le 2 août 2018, mise à jour le 1er août 2022