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Ecosystem-based Adaptation Approach to Maintaining Water Security in Critical Water Catchments in Mongolia


Titre : Ecosystem-based Adaptation Approach to Maintaining Water Security in Critical Water Catchments in Mongolia

Pays : Mongolie

Durée : January 2012 // December 2018

Mongolia is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographical location, fragile ecosystem and socio-economic conditions. The combination of ongoing land and water degradation multiplied by climate change will almost certainly result in substantial ecological and social challenges. Integrated adaptation strategies and associated programs are necessary to maintain ecosystem functions and water provisioning services. If we do not implement climate change adaptation approaches immediately, vulnerability of Mongolia’s rural communities to impacts associated with ecosystem services will increase. Therefore, the maintenance of ecosystem functions and water provisioning services in critical water catchments is crucial for the survival of rural communities and the Mongolian economy. The project will apply the principles of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EBA) to increase climate change resilience at a landscape level.

The project objective is to maintain the water provisioning services supplied by mountains and steppe ecosystems by internalizing climate change risks within land and water resource management regimes. The project aims at alleviating vulnerabilities and dismantling identified barriers by implementing three interconnected components :
* Component I Integrated strategies/management plans for target landscapes/river basins developed and under implementation ; Output 1.1. Baseline inventory/assessment (ecological and socio-economic) as a basis for the development of Ecosystem-based Adaptation Strategies for the target landscapes and River Basin Management Plans are completed. Output 1.2. Project’s initial economic valuations completed comparing the landscape level costs and benefits of EBA appraoches. Output 1. 3. Ecosystem-based Adaptation strategies for the target landscapes (Great lakes Depression, Daurian Steppe), and River Basin Management Plans (Kharkhira/Turgen, Ulz) completed and operational.
* Component II Implementing landscape level adaptation techniques to maintain ecosystem integrity and water security under conditions of climate change. Output 2.1. Capacities of rural communities for monitoring natural resources and climate change impacts and for adaptive management in two watersheds strengthened. Output 2.2. Intergated landscape level Ecosystem Based Adaptation management action plans operational within two target watersheds. Output 2.3. Suite of physical techniques to improve ecosystem resilience established in two critical watersheds.
* Component III Strengthening capacities/Institutions to support EbA strategies and integrated river basin management, their replication and mainstreaming in sector policies. Output 3.1. Ecosystem-based adaptation approaches/integrated river basin management, mainstreamed in natural resource use planning and implementation mechanisms in sector policies Output 3.2. Institutional structure for river basin management integrating climate change risks (Administration and Council) established and operation in target areas as model for replication. Output 3.3. Best practices are identified and programme for up-scaling best practices developed and implemented.

Bureau projet : UNDP in Mongolia
Partenaire exécution : Ministry Of Nature And Environment

Financement : United Nations Development Pro Adaptation Fund (af)
Budget : $5,955,236

Présentation : PNUD

Page publiée le 2 août 2018