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Université Bordeaux (2017)

Pauvreté chronique et sécurité alimentaire dans les ménages ruraux du Burkina Faso

Yameogo Ouambi

Titre : Pauvreté chronique et sécurité alimentaire dans les ménages ruraux du Burkina Faso

Auteur : Yameogo Ouambi

Université : Université Bordeaux

Discipline : Sciences économiques

Sous la direction de : Tanguy Bernard.

Résumé
Poverty in Burkina Faso is severe. Poverty and social exclusion are quantitatively and qualita-tively extensive and structurally ingrained ; despite steady but minor improvements since 1975, UNDP-HDR still ranks Burkina Faso 181 out of 187 countries. Much of Burkina Fa-so’s population lives in rural areas (about 80%), where agriculture, animal husbandry and fisheries are the main sources of livelihood. Indeed, the Burkinabe economy is based on agri-culture which occupies more than three-quarters of the population (87%). Despite its im-portance, agricultural production remains primarily for home consumption and the sector is characterized by low productivity, poor access to inputs and equipment, and very limited irri-gation. The goal of this study is to carefully evaluate the causes of poverty traps in rural households in Burkina Faso to be able to better develop innovative approaches to lift poor households out of poverty. The focus of the study is both the pathways to get out of poverty as well as the pathways to that lead to poverty. The study also looks to measure the effects of poverty on agricultural productivity and rural farmers. Based on these goals, the work is outlined as fol-lows : 1. Overview of Burkina Faso ; 2. Profile of farmers and their production capacity ; 3. Poverty traps for rural households ; 4. Effects of poverty traps and efficiency allocation of agricultural inputs in household production systems by gender in Burkina Faso ; 5. Food security and poverty traps in rural areas by gender. The study focuses on the status and impact of poverty in rural households of Burkina Faso and use panel data from Burkina Faso Agriculture Annual Survey from 2008 through 2013 covering over 3000 households within the country. The priority areas are : • Agricultural population, occupation of agricultural population and sources of monetary income ; • Extension and practices of agricultural techniques ; • Livestock farming ; • Agricultural household equipment and inputs and prices. The study seeks to understand the characteristics of households over time regarding their as-sets and levels of poverty. The purpose of the study is to bridge the gap for this area of asset based analysis of poverty in Burkina Faso because the existing studies are focused on income and consumption. The poverty trap analysis looks deeply at the roots of the vulnerability to fall into poverty. The importance of the vulnerability measurement is that it puts emphasis on who will likely be poor in the future. Unfortunately, work in asset poverty in Burkina Faso is limited and lacks adequate discussion. Asset based vulnerability measurements will help us to identify whether households will continue to be poor in the future because of lack of assets or due to bad luck. Other objectives of this work are to identify the underlying factors of food insecurity in Burkina. Here the focus includes : (1) Present the situation of poverty trap and food insecurity in Burkina Faso ; (2) Determine the predictors of this phenomenon ; (3) Analyze the determi-nants of food insecurity and propose solutions to reduce food insecurity. Econometric analysis will identify the factors explaining the trap poverty of household and food insecurity in Burkina Faso a proposal will be made for innovative solutions that would allow the implementation of suitable policies to reduce food insecurity in Burkina Faso.

En préparation depuis le : 08-11-2017

Source : Theses.fr

Page publiée le 12 septembre 2018