Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Etats Unis → 2015 → Mutually beneficial and sustainable management of Ethiopian and Egyptian dams in the Nile Basin

New Mexico State University (2015)

Mutually beneficial and sustainable management of Ethiopian and Egyptian dams in the Nile Basin

Habteyes, Befekadu Goraw,

Titre : Mutually beneficial and sustainable management of Ethiopian and Egyptian dams in the Nile Basin

Auteur : Habteyes, Befekadu Goraw,

Université de soutenance : New Mexico State University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) Agricultural Economics, 2015

Notes
Ongoing pressures from population growth, recurrent drought, climate, urbanization and industrialization in the Nile Basin raise the importance of finding viable methods to adapt to these pressures. Four tributaries of the Eastern Nile Basin contribute to supplies of the Nile. These include the Blue Nile (55%), White Nile-Albert (15%), Atbara (10%) and Sobat (10%). Several existing studies have been published and programs have been enacted addressing the need to equitably share the Nile’s waters among the basin riparians. Despite this, no peer reviewed studies to date have quantitatively examined opportunities for a greater economic benefits of the whole basin that could be achieved through the development and managment of new storage infrastructure on the Nile. Moreover, the risk of growing future scarcity of water motivates the search for alternative benefit sharing arrangements that could reduce impacts on downstream water users resulting from new upstream water developments. Therefore, this research examines the potential for mutually beneficial and sustainable benefit sharing management from the operation of the Ethiopian Grand Renaissance and the Egyptian High Aswan Dams. An integrated approach is formulated to bring the hydrology, economics and institutions of the region into a unified framework for policy analysis. A nonlinear optimization model is developed to identify the potential for Pareto improving operation to minimize impacts of these two dams for the four Eastern countries : Ethiopia, South-Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. Results indicate that it is possible for all four countries to be better off with careful operation of both dams. Despite these results, considerable diplomatic negotiation among the four riparian will be required to turn potential gains into actual on-the-ground welfare improvements.

Présentation (NMSU Library)

Page publiée le 13 octobre 2018, mise à jour le 24 décembre 2019