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Leiden University (2015)

The politics of poverty : assessing the African Peer Review Mechanism as a norm for governance

Davis, Young

Titre : The politics of poverty : assessing the African Peer Review Mechanism as a norm for governance

Auteur : Davis, Young

Université de soutenance : Leiden University

Grade : Master thesis International Relations 2015

Résumé
There are enough signs in the academic literature to reveal one of the main causes of sustained poverty in Africa : poor governance. The African Peer Review Mechanism means to improve African governance quality through collaboration and ‘peer training’. However, the APRM raises many concerns in the academic world. Firstly, states are not compelled to participate in the peer review program. Secondly, if they do sign up, the recommendations of the APRM are not enforced. Because of these issues, this thesis aims to determine to which degree the APRM has addressed poor governance in Africa since it was founded in 2003. First, this thesis evaluates the structure of the APRM and its relevance to good governance. Second, this thesis compares the institutional quality of the peer-reviewed APRM countries before and after undergoing review - creating two sets of data for the same group. Lastly, this thesis uses four case studies, following a constructivist approach. This section exposes alternative motivations to join the APRM (like a guise of good will). Also, by selecting four states (Botswana, Zimbabwe, The DRC and Ghana) that correspond to four potential positions on the APRM, it is possible to confirm or rule out common trends found in the statistical analysis.

Présentation

Page publiée le 10 novembre 2018