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University of Rhode Island (2018)

Assessing Groundwater Quantity and Quality Variations in Arid Regions Due to Climate Changes and Anthropogenic Factors : Case Study Saudi Arabia

Othman Abdulrahman Fallatah

Titre : Assessing Groundwater Quantity and Quality Variations in Arid Regions Due to Climate Changes and Anthropogenic Factors : Case Study Saudi Arabia

Auteur : Othman Abdulrahman Fallatah,

Université de soutenance : University of Rhode Island

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Civil and Environmental Engineering 2018

Résumé partiel
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), water resources are limited in hyper-arid regions, which are dependent on groundwater (88 percent), desalination water (8 percent) and wastewater treatment (4 percent). The management and development of these resources are essential to sustain population growth and grow the agricultural, industrial, and tourism sectors. Since the groundwater is the most valued water resource in the country, the majority of researchers are focused on the water quantity and water quality in this region in order to find the best solution to face this issue. In 1953 the Ministry of Agriculture and Water was established and assigned the mission of identifying and managing the water resources, aiming to ensure their maximum efficient development and use. The economic future of the Kingdom and the survival of the its people depend alike on the availability of water, its prudent use, and its rational development through long-term program that aim to help fulfill the overriding goal of the government, which is to establish and maintain a better life for the people of the Kingdom. Previous researchers have focused on the groundwater resources in the Saq aquifer region in northern KSA, where the depletion is the highest, during the past 10-20 years. However, most studies focused on groundwater quality, and not quantity, which is very important in the monitoring and management of water resources, but one the other side monitoring these resources are significant to sustain and develop our resources. Since the Kingdom does not have a robust database for continuous monitoring groundwater, it is critical to find appropriate scientific methods to monitor the groundwater permanently that can be used to give us a big picture in the present time and in the future to deal with this issue.

Présentation

Page publiée le 3 novembre 2018