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University of Edinburgh (2017)

Sheep and goat production in the north west province of Cameroon with special reference to parasitic gastroenteritis

Ndamukong, Kenneth Jacob Ngoh

Titre : Sheep and goat production in the north west province of Cameroon with special reference to parasitic gastroenteritis

Auteur Ndamukong, Kenneth Jacob Ngoh

Université de soutenance : University of Edinburgh

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2017

Résumé partiel
A research project was carried out between October 1983 and June 1987 partly in Scotland and partly in Cameroon covering three main areas : a survey on small ruminant production and epidemiological and experimental studies on parasitic gastroenteritis in these animals. The survey on traditional management of sheep and goats was conducted in North West Province of Cameroon using a questionnaire. The main objectives were to assess the productivity, to identify production constraints and to propose possible solutions. Sixty-five farmers in Mezam division and 50 in Momo division were interviewed. The results showed that 92%of the farmers rear goats as against only 21%who rear sheep. A traditional belief by which sheep keeping adversely affects a woman’s fertility is perhaps the greatest constraint on sheep production. Flock sizes are small, typically 6-7 animals in single species flocks and up to 12 animals in mixed flocks. Females make up 88&and 84%of sheep and goat flocks respectively with 62%and 58%of the total sheep and goat flocks being breeding females over 12 months of age. Six management systems were identified. Those involving tethering during the cropping season and either tethering or semi-extensive grazing in the non-cropping season are most widely practised. The most common housing system is an enclosed shed with walls of sticks, tree fern or bamboo. Floors of planks laid on the earth or slightly raised are used by about 48%of the farmers while only 22&construct raised slatted floors. Intentional feed supplementation is rare but salt is given by most farmers on a more or less regular basis. Watering was not considered essential by about 4^of the farmers. Breeding is generally uncontrolled and progeny of the most active breeding ram/buck is often the main source of ram/buck replacement ; therefore inbreeding is common.

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