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University of Gezira (2013)

Role of Extension in Raising Farmers’ Awareness of Technical Package and Marketing Information of Onion in the Gezira State, Sudan

Elhussain, Elshafa Elnour Yousif

Titre : Role of Extension in Raising Farmers’ Awareness of Technical Package and Marketing Information of Onion in the Gezira State, Sudan

Auteur : Elhussain, Elshafa Elnour Yousif

Université de soutenance : University of Gezira

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Agricultural Extension 2013

Résumé
Onion is a cash crop of great importance in most countries of the world and contributes much to the diet of people. The objective of this study was to identify the role of extension in raising farmers, awareness of technical package and market information of onion in the Gezira State, and to identify the relationship between the socio-economic characteristics of onion farmers in the Gezira State and adoption of recommended technical package and marketing information. Two hundred farmers from in and outside the Gezira Scheme in the State were selected (150 in Gezira Scheme and 50 outside Scheme). The study used primary data collected through questionnaires using multi-random sample technique. The information was collected during the period June-July 2010. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) in addition to secondary data collected from different sources, to show the frequency distribution and calculate the percentage and chi-square test was used to test the postulated hypotheses. The study revealed that most onion farmers were of middle age, had some level of education, owned large areas and had large family size and depended on the cultivation of crops in their income. The adoption rate of recommended technical package was found to be very low and this affected both quality and quantity of the crop and then the marketing value. There was a relationship between some socio-economic characteristics of onion farmers and adoption of pre and post-harvest practices and marketing information of the crop. There were poor extension services in the production stage. However, extension services were lacking in the marketing stage. The role of agricultural extension outside the Scheme was to some extent more than in the Scheme. The study recommended training of farmers, increasing the number of qualified extension workers, strengthening of marketing information system, and establishment of co-operative societies to stabilize onion price to insure its availability through out the year.

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Page publiée le 15 mars 2019