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University of Gezira (2012)

Factors Affecting Adoption of Some Sorghum recommended Cultural Practices for Sorghum bicolor (L.) Monech, among Farmers in Sennar irrigated sector, Sudan

Mohamed, Mohamed Abo Osman

Titre : Factors Affecting Adoption of Some Sorghum recommended Cultural Practices for Sorghum bicolor (L.) Monech, among Farmers in Sennar irrigated sector, Sudan

Auteur : Mohamed, Mohamed Abo Osman

Université de soutenance : University of Gezira

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Agricultural Extension 2012

Résumé
Dura is considered as food for most of the people in the Sudan, and a fodder crop for their animals. Economically dura is considered as an important crop in the Sudan, and about 70% of food needs are from it. Sennar State (the research area) plays an important role in agricultural activities. This study aimed to investigate some factors affecting adoption of cultural practices related to dura among farmers in Sennar State. These factors include :- (A)- personal characteristics (sex, age, education, marital status, occupation, income, social participation, land size), (B)- financial support for the application of these cultural practices. Cultural practices include (sowing date, improved seeds, fertilizers and herbicides). The study sample which was selected randomly, include :- village sample and respondents sample. Nine villages were selected to represent villages sample,( based on 15 % from villages population 60 villages). (150) respondents are selected to represent respondents sample,( based on 10 % from farmers population (1500) farmers in the (9) villages). A questionnaire was developed and the interview was used to collect data. Data was coded and fed into the computer. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) was used for data analysis,( specifically, descriptive analysis and chi- square test results). Findings of this study were divided into two; A- Descriptive part. B- Analytical part. A- The descriptive findings, are as follows :- (98%) of respondents are men. (72%) are old, (68.7%) have a low level of education, (86.7%) are married, (74.7%) rely on agriculture for their income, (68%) are not members in local organizations, (84.7%) are small farmers, (72%) are land owners, (99.3%) plant in the recommended sowing date, (94.7%) of the respondents use improved seeds, (69.3%) control weeds manually (Alkadabe), (80%) of the respondents do not receive support for the application of the cultural practices. B- Concerning Chi- square test findings, there were two type of findings, which were ; findings of variables of significant differences : (a) Sex, age, educational level, marital status, occupation, income, membership, land ownership each in relation to adoption of sowing date, improved seeds, fertilizer application, herbicides,(b) support each in relation to adoption of improved seed, fertilizer application, herbicides. The study recommends the following :- coordination between research stations and agricultural extension, Offering of financial support to farmers to adopt the cultural practices, deliver extension messages through wide use of extension methods and mass media to reach all farmers effectively.

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