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University of Gezira (2014)

Factors Affecting Production of Fish Farms and Fish Marketing in the Gezira State, Sudan (2004-2012)

Ismail, Rehab Abd Elmgied Mustafa

Titre : Factors Affecting Production of Fish Farms and Fish Marketing in the Gezira State, Sudan (2004-2012)

Auteur : Ismail, Rehab Abd Elmgied Mustafa

Université de soutenance : University of Gezira

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Agricultural Economics 2014

Résumé
Fish farming has an important role in food security and increases land revenue. The study aimed to investigate the factors affecting production of fish farming and fish marketing in the Gezira State. Primary data were collected using a structured questionnaire filled out through personal interviews with fish farmers. The sample included 11 farms which were 100% of the population. The primary data of marketing were taken from markets partners and markets inspectors. Secondary data were collected from different sources. Results indicated that Gezira State had the potentialities of fish farming, but was faced by many constrains, coupled with high cost. These constrains were respondents, experience and knowledge, trained personnel, mistakes in farms design and construction, Tilapia early maturation and frequent breeding, scarcity of good fingerlings especially monosex, fish farming practices were not following recommendations, monoculture farming, and respondents could not manage fish feeding cost. Marketing study showed a consumption gap in all kinds of meat and that consumption of fish was a culture of urban areas. The prices differences were due to seasons, fish resource, fish grade, transportation cost and fish treatment. These could be controlled by fish farming, production of the desired grade in time of scarcities from inside State. The study proved that the fisherman’s share in consumer price was directly related to price of fish grade, inversely related to marketing cost, and inversely related to marketing channel length. The traditional treatment of fish didn’t make significant changes in fish farmers’ share in consumers’ price. Marketing margin was influenced by fish grade, fish resource and marketing cost. The study recommended following of the recommendation in fish farming practices, increase the government awareness to the role of fish farming in food security, increase the private sector awareness to the advantages of fish farming integration in their business, invest in marketing infrastructure, recruitment of foreign experts in the various aspects of fish farming and establishment of specialized units for design and construction of fish farms. Fish culture stations should be responsible for fish farming work and should be given adequate staff to carry out these duties. Also, there is a need for the establishment of fish production departments in the Sudanese universities for training qualified personnel in this field.

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