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University of Gezira (2015)

Assessment of Socio-economic Factors on Knowledge and Adaptation of Adaptive Techniques to Climate Change among Rain-fed Farmers : A Case Study SennarState, Sudan

Elshiekh, Khalid Abdel Fadiel Mansour Haj

Titre : Assessment of Socio-economic Factors on Knowledge and Adaptation of Adaptive Techniques to Climate Change among Rain-fed Farmers : A Case Study SennarState, Sudan

Auteur : Elshiekh, Khalid Abdel Fadiel Mansour Haj

Université de soutenance : University of Gezira

Grade : Master of Science (MS) In Agricultural Extension 2015

Résumé
Climate change is one of the most influential factor affecting agriculture, because change in temperatureand precipitation cause reduction in productivity. Socioeconomic factors affect farmer’s awareness to climate change and adoption of farmers to adaptive techniques. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of socio-economic factors on knowledge of farmers about climate change and adoption of adaptive techniques. A field survey was used to collect data from 378 respondents and a close ended questionnaire was developed. The data collected were analyzed using frequency distributions, and Chi-squire test were used at 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that the majority of the respondents were in the age group of 20 to 60 years, most of them were literate and had more than 10 feddan land holding, they had more than 10 years of experience and had more than 4000SG annual income, they noticed an increase in temperature, the rainfall time had become late, there was an increase in rain quantity, there was an increase in weed density and there was a decrease in the emergence of new weeds. They adopted new sowing date, cultivated new crops varieties, adopt weeding techniques, perceived that climate change had a negative impact on yield and reported that they did not had information from extension or mass media. Test of significance showed that socioeconomic factors (age, education, experience, land size and income) have a significant association with farmer’s knowledge about climate change and adoption of adaptive techniques. According to the findings, most of the respondents, to some extent, had a good perception of climate change and adaptive techniques but they stayed away from extension and mass media. Thus, extension agents and decision makers should concentrate on climate change and dissemination of adaptive techniques in their programs

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Page publiée le 23 novembre 2018