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Haïfa University (2015)

The impact of climate changes on agricultural considerations in different areas of Israel

Ziner Yuli

Titre : The impact of climate changes on agricultural considerations in different areas of Israel

השפעות שינויי האקלים על שיקולים חקלאיים באזורים שונים בישראל / יולי זינר ; בהנחיית : שולמית פז, נעם גרינבאום.

Auteur : Ziner Yuli

Etablissement de soutenance : Haïfa University

Grade : Master 2015

Résumé
Israel is located in a transition area between Mediterranean climate type to arid climate. Therefore, it is sensitive to climatic changes, even if they are minor. Since the early 70s of the twenty century, there was a noticeable temperatures increase in the region, particularly during the hot season. Additionally, in the past years, an increase in the frequency and duration of extreme weather events, was observed ; including heat waves, heavy rainfall, floods and droughts. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of climate change on agricultural considerations in Israel ; to learn how it affects decision making in agriculture and how farmers in Israel cope with the climatic fluctuations. The study focused on seven agricultural areas from the north to the south : The Hula Valley, The Western Galilee, the Eastern Izrael Valley, The Western Izrael Valley, The Hefer Valley, The Shfela and The Northern Negev. The research methods included : 101 questionnaires with close ended questions were transmitted among farmers from each of the seven areas. The linkages between the statements in the questionnaire were statistically analyzed using Spearman test. In addition, six semi-structured interviews were conducted among senior officials in the Ministry of Agriculture and among agricultural counselors working in the surveyed areas. The results of the research revealed that many farmers experience extreme weather conditions that lead to new problems. Many of them expected that climatic changes would force them to alternate agricultural decisions in the near future. The interviews showed that in order to prepare for climate changes, the State of Israel is formulating plans to ensure adaptation and preparedness and publishes brochure of grants, subsidies and services. On the other hand, farmers indicate that the government does not help them to cope with the climate change challenges. Consequently they have to take their own steps to deal with the changes. Furthermore, it was found that 60% of the farmers believe that climate changes causes erosion, and they have to protect their land from it. It was also detected that in the northern areas of Israel, which are rainier, climate changes and their impacts on agriculture are more evident. A significant positive correlation was found between new challenges in the agricultural work due to climate change, and coping with problems of pests reproduction and agriculture-associated diseases.

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