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Haïfa University (2012)

Isreali experts’ frame of climate change : cultural attributes

Kidar Oren

Titre : Isreali experts’ frame of climate change : cultural attributes

Auteur : Kidar Oren

Etablissement de soutenance : Haïfa University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2012

Résumé partiel
Frames constitute an interpretive and organizational tool that helps individuals and groups to discern, identify, and label a certain reality. Set according to many case studies, the amount of literature provides diverse typologies of frames and sub-frames. Typologies may be helpful in examining an array of frames and sub-frames. The array enables exploration of the prominence or insignificance of themes. By identifying, characterizing and studying the relative strength of frames and sub-frames, certain cultural attributes may be exposed. This research analyzed 131 Israeli experts’ frames of climate change. The experts were affiliated according to four categories or sectors : Academic, Public-Service, Private Consultancy and NGOs. All the experts were interviewed during a four-year study (2006 2010). The interviews’ transcriptions were analyzed based on qualitative methods – according to the principles of Grounded Theory coding. Partial use of Content Analysis assisted in the study of the dominance/strength of frames and sub-frames. The analysis of frames is the main method used to answer the following research objectives : (1) The first objective was to identify, characterize and examine the frames dealing with climate change, climate change impacts and preparedness for climate change, as being expressed by Israeli experts from the above-mentioned four sectors. The first objective provides a threefold perspective : Firstly, by identifying the frames of climate change, the geographical/spatial focus, embedded in these frames, can also be elicited. Hence, it is possible to characterize the experts’ spatial orientation, i.e. the local – Israeli, or the close region – Middle-East or Mediterranean, or the Global. Secondly, in a comparative analysis between the four sectors, homogeneity/heterogeneity in the significance of frames can be revealed, thus enabling to explore the notion of agreement or consensus about climate change. Thirdly, the process of identifying frames, studying their characterization and relative strength, can highlight the experts’ local and universal cultures. The cultural attributes – local or universal – act as a foundation to a future hold of a frame. (2) The second objective of this study was to provide some conceptual insights regarding the theory of frames (or framing analysis), based on this Israeli-environmental case study. Based on literature on frames and climate change, and following the interviews’ analysis in this study, a typology of seven frames was crystallized : (1) Science – emphasizes aspects of science and research, as well as facets of the scientific and research community. (2) Economy – deals with the impact of economy on individuals and groups, gain versus loss, financial calculations, etc. (3) Social – underlines the interests of the public and the community, as well as aspects of social progress, social gaps and polarization, social justice and fairness. (4) Vulnerability and Risk/Danger – deal with the physical consequences involved in natural disasters and extreme weather conditions, alongside the ability/inability of systems (e.g. ecological)/populations to cope with such phenomena. (5) Policy, Public Accountability and Governance – highlight facets of transparency, public participation, governance and/or the lack of it, conflicts, policy, decision-making and politics. (6) Solutions – deal with the facets of acceptable and proper resolution, i.e. what should be done and where, regarding technological and behavioral solutions. (7) Geography – tracking the spatial features discussed in the previous frames, and exploring their geographical scope, i.e. Israel, the Mediterranean Basin and the Middle-East, and the global level. All the above-mentioned frames were divided into sub-frames, which specify the sub-themes brought up by the experts. For example, the Solutions frame branched into three sub-frames : Behavioral Solutions, Technological Solutions, and No Solution (or Inaction).


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