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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1981 → THE EFFECT OF DETRIBALIZATION AND SEDENTARIZATION ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC STRUCTURE OF THE TRIBES OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA : AJMAN TRIBE AS A CASE STUDY

University of Kansas (1981)

THE EFFECT OF DETRIBALIZATION AND SEDENTARIZATION ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC STRUCTURE OF THE TRIBES OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA : AJMAN TRIBE AS A CASE STUDY

AL-Haddad, Mohammad

Titre : THE EFFECT OF DETRIBALIZATION AND SEDENTARIZATION ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC STRUCTURE OF THE TRIBES OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA : AJMAN TRIBE AS A CASE STUDY

Auteur : AL-Haddad, Mohammad

Université de soutenance : University of Kansas,

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1981

Résumé
The anthropology of the Bedouins of the Eastern Arabian Peninsula has been largely unexplored and little scholarly attention has been given to the processes of change which the area has been experiencing. This dissertation is a modest attempt to explore among the Ajman, one of the most influential tribes in Eastern Arabia, the transformation from nomadism to settlement. The approach used is explicitly structural-functional. Structure and system components are considered in their own right as well as in terms of their relationship to one another. For example when examining the political system of a Bedouin society one looks not only at chieftainship, but also at kinship relations, group segmentation, and at stratification of that society. In the research, settlement is seen as composed of two processes ; first, induced settlement caused by the religious movement of Mohammad Ibn Abdulwahab in the eighteen century, and by the demarcation of boundaries between the newly emerging nation-states such as Kuwait and Saudia Arabia. Second, the spontaneous settlement process caused by industrialization of the area, particularly after the discovery of oil, and the accompanying increase in wage labor. The spontaneous and induced settlement of the tribe did not only alter the nomadic economy, but also created a new set of social relationships and social institutions. These in turn, have affected all pre-settlement life patterns. In the economy, for example, the pastoral nomadic activities have been replaced by employment and wage labor ; many people have traded their herds for some form of wealth within the urban structure. In addition more have become interested in land ownership, particularly in Saudia Arabia. In Kuwait the tribesmen have become more involved in mercantile enterprises. On the level of kinship and marriage, the settlements have partially caused the discontinuity of the extended family, which was once the dominant type of family, in favor of the nuclear family. Polygyny and endogamy (at least within the minimal lineage level) is continuously being replaced by monogamy and exogamy. The dissertation is based principally on field work done in Kuwait and in Saudia Arabia in the summer of 1979 and from January to late November of 1980.

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