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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Australie → 2007 → A model of wildfire propagation using the interacting spatial automata formalism

University of Western Australia. (2007)

A model of wildfire propagation using the interacting spatial automata formalism

Dunn, Adam

Titre : A model of wildfire propagation using the interacting spatial automata formalism

Auteur : Dunn, Adam

Université de soutenance : University of Western Australia

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy PhD 2007

Résumé
I address the modelling and computer simulation of spatial, eventdriven systems from a computer science perspective. Spatially explicit models of wildland fire (wildfire) behaviour are addressed as the specific application domain. Wildfire behaviour is expressed as a formal model and the associated simulations are compared to existing models and implementations. It is shown that the interacting spatial automata formalism provides a general framework for modelling spatial event-driven systems and is appropriate to wildfire systems. The challenge adressed is that of physically realistic modelling of wildfire behaviour in heterogeneous environments . . . Many current models do not incorporate the influence of a neighbourhood (the geometry of the fire front local to an unburnt volume of fuel, for example), but rather determine the propagation of fire using only point information. Whilst neighbourhood-based influence of behaviour is common to cellular automata theory, its use is very rare in existing models of wildfire models. In this thesis, I present the modelling technique and demonstrate its applicability to wildfire systems via a series of simulation experiments, where I reproduce known spatial wildfire dynamics. I conclude that the interacting spatial automata formalism is appropriate as a basis for constructing new computer simulations of wildfire spread behaviour. Simulation results are compared to existing implementations, highlighting the limitations of current models and demonstrating that the new models are capable of greater physical realism.

Subject words : Wildfire modelling • Modelling formalisms • Complex systems - Computer simulation • Wildfire forecasting — Computer programs • Wildfires — Computer simulation

Présentation (National Library of Australia)

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