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Eastern Mediterranean University (2014)

Environmental and Social Sustainability of Roofed Alley in Yazd City of Iran

Valipour, Ehsan

Titre : Environmental and Social Sustainability of Roofed Alley in Yazd City of Iran

Auteur : Valipour, Ehsan

Université de soutenance : Eastern Mediterranean University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Architecture 2014

The main aim of sustainable architecture is creative usage of the environmental situation and also architectural components. Historical architecture shows the experience of humans which is reflection of this issue to the build environment. One of the major problems of cities in hot and dry climate is high level of heat in urban space and lack of comfort in outdoor spaces. This issue can have direct effect on quality of outdoor activates as well. However, in vernacular architecture of Yazd city in Iran which is located in hot and dry region, this issue was solved by designing roofed alleys to create shady spaces as much as possible as a sustainable architectural tool which helped to ease outdoor activates too. This study has been focus spatial sustainability of roofed alley in Yazd city because of roofed alley created by combination of sustainability and vernacular architecture. These issues are main points of roofed alley which caused to build it with attention to vernacular design and climate and geography of Yazd city which roofed alley in harsh climate of Yazd could provide human comfort and friendly relationship with natural environment of Yazd city. In first chapter, there are some definitions and introduces of sustainable development at the beginning and also how sustainable development and design can combine with vernacular architecture design. And also, this chapter was focused on problem of climatic issues in Yazd city of Iran, aim of the study and the methodology of it. The second chapter is defined and discussed some of sustainability objectives, such as sustainable development, sustainable design and sustainable architecture and in addition the issue of sustainability and vernacular architecture. In addition all aspects of sustainability were explained. The aim of this chapter is review the literatures on sustainability in architecture to create main keywords and discussion factors for chapter three as a case study. Chapter three has focus on roofed alleys of Yazd by two main factors base on sustainable architecture parameters such as environmental, social which environmental part divided in two main parameters such as natural and physical. This chapter, discussed about the possibility of the roofed alley to create comfort zone for social and environmental activity and also increase the quality of outdoor spaces even in harsh climate of Yazd. As it mention the focus of this chapter, roofed alley divided by four main and more popular types and analyzed with keywords on two main issues, environmental, social. In last part, there is conclusion of roofed alley evaluation by two major factors, environmental and social sustainability of architectural design. The conclusion of evaluation is shows that roofed alley as architectural solution in harsh climate of Yazd city could increase influence of outdoor spaces quality by creating comfort zones for environmental and social activities. This study shows that roofed alley has specific character in public spaces because of deep functional role as architectural solution to create friendly relationship between human and natural environment.

Mots clés : Sustainable architecture, vernacular architecture, Yazd city, hot and dry climate, roofed alley.


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