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Tshwane University of Technology (2012)

Community based natural resource management in Dinokeng

Chokuda, Justics

Titre : Community based natural resource management in Dinokeng

Auteur : Chokuda, Justics.

Université de soutenance : Tshwane University of Technology

Grade : Magister Technologiae : Ecotourism management 2012

Résumé
Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) is perceived as an important management tool in many countries. As a result many countries in Southern Africa, including South Africa, have adopted CBNRM as a method for the responsible utilisation of natural resources. Some authors confirm the importance of CBNRM, others are dissatisfied with it, while still others advocate for its improvement. This research revealed the impacts of CBNRM on surrounding communities (Rust de Winter and Rapotokwane) at game lodges and nature reserves in Dinokeng. The premise of this study was to investigate the benefits (social, economic and environmental), community emotions (feelings, attitudes, concerns, participation and perception) and challenges of community-based tourism in Dinokeng which is in the Gauteng Province. The data was collected randomly by means of questionnaires for two communities in Dinokeng. The Chi Square significance test of independence was used at (P = 0.05) and it resulted in the rejection of the null hypothesis in all cases, meaning that the extent to which respondents agreed or disagreed was dependent on the question asked concerning the respective impacts. The sample mean was found to be a good representative of the population mean at 95% confidence interval in all cases. The overall mean response was found to be in the slightly agree category. It was evident from the findings of the research that community-based tourism brings more benefits to the community, especially the social benefits where the response from the communities favoured the strongly agree category as compared to other benefits like environmental and economic. The impacts of CBNRM were met with mixed opinions. Of particular note were the community attitudes and concerns which the respondents viewed negatively on average. As a result there is need for more participation of the community and a change of feelings, attitudes, perception and concerns to ensure that people are empowered and conservation of the natural resources will take place smoothly. The limitations of CBNRM were found to be the lack of participation, especially regular visits to nature reserves and game lodges, lack of permanent employment, lack of skills and small business opportunities, and the effects of HIV/AIDS. In summary there is need for all stakeholders to participate fully in CBNRM in order to eradicate or reduce some of the negative impacts and limitations of CBNRM in Dinokeng to ensure the success of the project.

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