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University of Limpopo (2012)

Mobilising youth participation in agriculture using Participatory Extension Approach (PEA) : A case study of ga-Mothiba village

Tolamo, Tutuge Joseph

Titre : Mobilising youth participation in agriculture using Participatory Extension Approach (PEA) : A case study of ga-Mothiba village

Auteur : Tolamo, Tutuge Joseph

Université de soutenance : University of Limpopo

Grade : MASTERS IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION 2012

Résumé
The study followed an Action Learning Cycle (ALC) as one of the tools of Participatory Extension Approach (PEA) in gathering data. This study was designed to provide guidelines to mobilize youth to participate in agriculture. The objectives of the study were ; (1) to determine how youth in a rural community perceive agriculture, (2) to explore existing agricultural interventions that attract young people into the agricultural industry and (3) to identify limiting factors for youth participation in existing agricultural projects. This study was conducted in two schools (Mothimako secondary school and Ngwanalaka Secondary school) that offer agriculture as a subject. The two schools are located in Ga-Mothiba village. Three active youth groups from the village (Bakone Youth Development, Rangmo Youth Group and Lehlabile Youth Group) were part of the study. A total of hundred and ten (110) young people was planned to be interviewed but (95) respondents were interviewed, including scholars and were randomly selected and included in the sample. Out of the 95 questionnaires 80 questionnaires were used and 15 questionnaires were discarded due to incomplete responses and empty spaces. Sampling was done in a disproportionate manner as follows ; Fifteen (15) respondents were selected from the three existing youth projects with 8 respondents from Lehlabile, 4 from Bakone and 3 from Rangmo group. Eighty (80) students were randomly selected from the two secondary schools offering agriculture in the area, with forty (40) students from each school. Through a series of workshops the study resulted in combining the three youth groups into one body known as Bokamoso youth. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the grade 11 and grade 12 of the two schools and a semi-structured questionnaire and a checklist was used to facilitate and collect data from the Bokamoso youth group. The study included both qualitative and quantitative data. The raw data obtained from each of the questionnaires through semi-structured and structured questionnaire was used for analysis. Qualitative data was organized into relevant themes based on the objectives of the study. The results showed that the students’ age groups in the two schools ranged from 14-22 years of age. Student’s perceptions toward agriculture and agricultural careers were measured using a 5-point Likert-type of a scale. The results of the study indicated that youth hold a positive view about the role of agriculture in the community. The result of the study also revealed that the majority of the respondents (100%) love agriculture. From the results it was also revealed that there are factors that lead to negativity about agriculture. Inadequate publicity, discouraging curricula at schools (coupled with shortage of agricultural teachers) as well as limited or no access to modern communication resources for information. From the focus group with Bokamoso youth several interventions were suggested by the group in order to entice agriculture for youth. Some of the interventions included, strengthening relationship with the local department of agriculture, accountability on projects established by the department of agriculture, access to agricultural information, credibility of agricultural subjects in schools and change in agricultural practices from old methods to new methods. The study provided recommendations to stakeholders as a way forward towards the betterment of youth participation in the agricultural sector.

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