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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2008 → Analysis of the development options to improve the income situation of dairying households in Punjab

Georg-August-University Göttingen (2008)

Analysis of the development options to improve the income situation of dairying households in Punjab

Khalid, Mahmood

Titre : Analysis of the development options to improve the income situation of dairying households in Punjab

Auteur : Khalid, Mahmood

Université de soutenance : Georg-August-University Göttingen

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2008

Résumé
The aim of this research work is to develop an analytical framework for status quo analy-sis of milk production situation in Pakistani Punjab and evaluate the impact of various improvement interventions on the income of farm households involved in dairying. The district Sargodha is selected as the study region under mixed cropping system from irri-gated region of Punjab for conducting the dairying farm household survey. The data was collected in a cross sectional survey in winter 2005 from a sample of 36 dairying farm households from two villages located in the radius of 25 km from the district headquarter of Sargodha. The farm types are classified into three groups of small, medium and large scale farm types depending on the size of cultivated. The characteristics of farm types are explained through describing the case studies, results of cross sectional survey and typical farms. The analysis found that the land holding varies from 1 to 10 acres, 10 to 20 acres and more than 20 acres for small, medium and large scale farm types. The average number of milking animals varies from 3 to 10 among all three farm types. The small scale farms sell highest percentage of the total milk produced on the farm as compared to medium and large scale farm types. The small scale farms are more dependent on dairy income as a source of subsistence than medium and large farm types. The crop farming is the major focus of medium and large farm types to produce grain for home consumption and sell rest in the market. In medium and large scale farm type’s, the dairy enterprise is not con-sidered as a commercial activity but rather a supplement to the crop farming. The animal productivity is observed to be very low in small scale farms as compared to medium and large scale farm types mainly due to poor feeding, breeding, longer inter-calving periods and higher mortality rates, etc. The small-scale farm type dominates in this region. It is important to improve the productivity of small-scale farm type to in-crease the income situation of households involved. Four improvement intervention sce-narios are selected to measure the impact on the household income in a typical farm type PU-3 through partial budgeting technique. The improvement is compared through ex-ante simulation with the baseline farm PU-3. The evaluated improvement interventions are fodder improvement, husbandry and health improvement, breeding improvement and marketing improvement. The study concludes that the impact of breed improvement is the highest with an increase in household income by 38 percent from US$ 0.83 per capita in baseline PU-3 to US$ 1.18 per capita. The husbandry and health improvement showed second highest increase in per capita income by 21 percent with US$ 1.02 per capita per day. The two other scenarios of fodder improvement and perceived increased milk prices have showed an increase of 7 and 2 percent respectively.

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