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Universidade Aberta (2011)

O Turismo e a percepção dos seus impactos pela Comunidade Local – O Caso da Ilha do Sal, Cabo Verde

Baptista Môsso Santos, Antónia

Titre : O Turismo e a percepção dos seus impactos pela Comunidade Local – O Caso da Ilha do Sal, Cabo Verde

TOURISM AND THE PERCEPTION OF ITS IMPACT BY LOCAL COMMUNITIES – SAL ISLAND CASE, CAPE VERDE

Auteur : Baptista Môsso Santos, Antónia

Université de soutenance : Universidade Aberta

Grade : Mestrado em Cidadania Ambiental e Participação 2011

Résumé
The traditional analysis of tourism, having in mind only its economic impacts has been shown to be reductive and insufficient to explain the numerous and versatile modifications these can and will stimulate in a society at many levels, e.g. socially, culturally, politically and in the environment. The complexity of touristic activities and the insufficient measuring instruments that can provide exact data about these, gives terrain to the emergence of myths and value judgments around the effects in countries where tourism is a reality. This study aims at understanding how the impacts of tourism are grasped by the local community in Sal island – Cape Verde – convinced as we are that a quality and sustainable touristic offer can only be done by trialing the population, and involving them in the planning, managing and monitoring processes. The analysis of the perception of the impacts of touristic activities by the population tells us a lot about the levels of satisfaction of such communities towards the way in which the touristic development has been carried out in their surroundings. This study has been made through the inquiry of 231 locals, by means of a questionnaire, that showed that the population in this island has a very clear conscience of the impacts of tourism in their day-to-day lives. Conclusions drawn are that the negative economic and social impacts are greater than the positive ; the cultural and environmental impacts are not so significant, and that the people feel that their voice has not been heard in what planning touristic activities is concerned. Nevertheless, they have high expectations regarding tourism as a way of ameliorating their life conditions. The inexistence of a linear behavior of impacts of touristic activities in the receptive countries and a perfect and adjustable model for tourism development make these countries delineate new politics aiming at the sustainability and the creation of conditions that help them monitor and mitigate its negative impacts.

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Page publiée le 30 mars 2019