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Ain Shams University (2018)

EFFECT OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS ON YEILD AND QUALITY OF PEA SEED SPROUTS

AHMED, EHAB AHMED ABDEL RAHMAN SAYED

Titre : EFFECT OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE SYSTEMS ON YEILD AND QUALITY OF PEA SEED SPROUTS

Auteur : AHMED,EHAB AHMED ABDEL RAHMAN SAYED.

Etablissement de soutenance : Ain Shams University

Grade : Master of Science (MSc) in Agricultural Science (Advanced Agricultural Systems for Arid Lands) 2018

Résumé partiel
This study was carried out at Organic Agriculture Laboratory, Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, at winter season of 2015 and 2016 The study was divided into main parts : Part one : Production experiments of green pea sprouts. Part two : Pea sprout flour and pea pie production. Part one : Production experiments of green pea sprouts. 1. Seeds : Organic seeds of pea (Pisum sativum) cultivar master B were obtained from certified privet farm in Ismailia Governorate. 2. Growing media experiments : A- Production of green pea sprouts under laboratory condition For choosing the most suitable media to produce green pea sprout ; soil mixture media (clay + vermiculite (1:1) + 10% compost) and rice straw medium were used. Rice straw was sterilized in a boiling water (about 15 minutes) B- Production of green pea sprouts under open field condition Two ideal media were used to produce green pea sprouts ; natural clay medium on field (field soil) and the soilless medium clay and vermiculite (1:1) with 10% compost. The following results were obtained : 1. Using sprouting medium, rice straw resulted in significant increase in shoots height and weight compared with mixed soil (vermiculite and clay with 10% compost). Also, maximum mean value of fresh yield of shoots per square meter and per kg of seeds was noted by using rice straw medium.2. The effect of using clay medium and mixed soil (vermiculate + clay + 10% compost) on the shoots height and weight, number of seedlings and fresh and dry yield of pea sprouts. Shoots height was not significantly differed by clay and mixed soil ; however, higher shoot weight was recorded by using clay medium. 3. Shoots height didn’t significantly affected by two different locations, open field and laboratory. While, production under open field resulted an increase in shoot weight as compare with laboratory. 4. Under laboratory condition, there are observable increases in number of seedlings and fresh yield of pea per square meter reached 613% and 174%, respectively over open field. On the other hand, fresh yield per square meter could increase to be 6363g as use seven shelves vertically instead of 909g as use one self only. 5. Moisture in different samples ranged from 8.57 to 11.29 % on dry weight basis, while it ranged from 90.87 to 93.14% on fresh weight basis (edible portion). There was a slight reduction in moisture as sprouting under open field conditions compared with laboratory conditions regardless of kind of medium. 6. Protein content was found to increase in green pea sprouts grown at laboratory either use rice straw or verm. + clay medium as compare with open field condition (on value of 100g of dry weight basis).

Présentation étendue (EULC)

Page publiée le 30 avril 2019