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Universidad de Córdoba (2018)

Using remote sensing techniques at different resolution scales for enhancing irrigation management

Ramírez Cuesta, Juan Miguel

Titre : Using remote sensing techniques at different resolution scales for enhancing irrigation management

Empleo de técnicas de teledetección con diferentes niveles de resolución para la mejora de la gestión del riego

Auteur : Ramírez Cuesta, Juan Miguel

Université de soutenance : Universidad de Córdoba

Grade : Tesis Doctoral 2018

Résumé
Currently there is a growing interest in improving water management in Mediterranean agriculture due to the foreseeable results of climate change and to the competition with other sectors such as the environmental. For this reason different methodologies have been evaluated in this thesis to increase water use efficiency in Andalusian agriculture by means of the improvement in the estimation of crop irrigation water requirements, using different remote sensing techniques and spatial analysis. In this work the two main parameters involved in crop evapotranspiration determination were addressed : reference evapotranspiration (Chapters 1 and 2) and crop coefficient (Chapters 3 and 4). More specifically, in Chapter 1, different interpolation methods were applied to meteorological data and results were assessed in order to determine which of them provided the most accurate reference evapotranspiration (ETo) estimates. The ETo estimates obtained from the interpolation methods were compared with the ETo values provided by the Land Surface Analysis Satellite Application Facility (LSA SAF), based on the daily solar radiation derived from Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) and air temperature at 2 m forecasts provided by European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Additionally, new techniques were proposed for ETo estimation improvement in areas without a nearby weather station, which were based on the analysis of the spatial location of the weather stations and the temporal evolution of ETo. Also related to ETo estimation and its practical application for irrigation management, Chapter 2 presents an innovative methodology for performing irrigation schedules easily usable by farmers and technicians, using weather forecasts provided by the National Meteorological Agency (AEMET) and by ECMWF for ETo estimation. In addition, the effect that the different methods for ETo estimation has on the crop water requirements and on the crop yield simulated using the AquaCrop model was also assessed. Once accurate ETo values were determined by means of the methodologies developed in Chapters 1 and 2, it is necessary to determine crop coefficient values for the correct estimation of the crop water demands. This issue was addressed in Chapter 3, where different atmospheric corrections were applied to Landsat 7 satellite images, with the aim of eliminating the effect that the atmosphere causes during the image acquisition process. In this way, it was possible to obtain much more accurate surface temperature measurements, in order to assess the effect of the different atmospheric corrections on the determination of the olive crop coefficient. However, the effect that atmosphere has on the satellite images acquisition process analyzed in Chapter 3 is not the only issue to be taken into account when using remote sensing techniques. Thus, spatial resolution is also a key factor for the application of these techniques in irrigation management. Therefore, in Chapter 4 the influence of spatial resolution on the different energy balance components estimated by the METRIC energy balance model was evaluated, paying special attention to crop evapotranspiration.

Mots Clés  : Water management Irrigation management Remote sensing Evapotranspiration Crop coefficient Hydrology Gestión del agua Gestión del riego Teledetección Evapotranspiración Coeficiente del cultivo Hidrología

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