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Wageningen Universiteit (1992)

Spectral reflectance in the Tunesian desert

Epema, G.F.

Titre : Spectral reflectance in the Tunesian desert

Auteur : Epema, G.F.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen Universiteit

Grade : PhD thesis 1992

Satellites provide the possibility to give a synoptical view of the earth surface at regular time intervals. Satellites operating in the optical wavelengths have however as disadvantage that monitoring of the surface characteristics becomes impossible as soon as clouds are present. Deserts and desert margins are for that reason much more appropriate for monitoring by optical satellites than temperate and wet tropical areas. Potential hazards, possibilities and often inaccessibility makes use of optical remote sensing very reasonable.
Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) satellites provide a much better spectral resolution than other satellites at reasonable spatial and temporal resolution. Ile presented research was hence focused on the spectral possibilities of Landsat Thematic Mapper for determining surface characteristics and their dynamics in desert areas. Field measurements of reflectance in different seasons were performed to evaluate the effect of different factors and their dynamics on reflectance. A field radiometer (MMR) with TM compatible bands was used. The study was performed in southern Tunisia in an area with large variation : footslopes, dunes and dynamical salt plains, all with few or absent vegetation cover. Dominant mineralogy is representative for many and areas and comprises gypsum, carbonate, quartz and halite.

Mots clés : remote sensing / applications / absorption / reflection / physical planning / land use / zoning / deserts / tunisia / arid zones


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