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Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) 2018

Mercados institucionais no território do seridó potiguar : potencialidades e limitações para inserção da agricultura familiar

SILVA, Vinícius Klause da

Titre : Mercados institucionais no território do seridó potiguar : potencialidades e limitações para inserção da agricultura familiar

Auteur : SILVA, Vinícius Klause da

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)

Grade : Mestrado em Estudos Urbanos e Regionais 2018

Résumé
In Brazil, the adoption of regulated markets (institutional markets) for family farming has proved to be efficient for the insertion of this social group, opening new possibilities for the reproduction of rural life. This type of market follows the logic of the interaction of redistribution and centrality, described by Polanyi (2000), through public policies of food purchase. In this sense, the institutional arrangements chosen for these regulated markets can result in good or bad functioning, since these arrangements delimit the actions of the agents involved in the process. It is from these perspectives that this work sought to analyze which are the limitations for the insertion and continuity of family farmers in the Programa do Leite Potiguar (PLP) e do PAA-Leite. To that end, we’ve studied the institutional arrangements of both programs, observing their unfoldings over time and how they have influenced the insertion of family agriculture. Besides that, we’ve also analyzed the limitations faced by the family farmers themselves, through the collection of primary data and a characterization built through secondary data. After the research execution, the results show that the limitations are diverse, being the geographic dispersion and the problems of productive nature, the more latent on the part of the producers. With regard to the institutional arrangements adopted through programs, it is highlighted that the model adopted by the PLP, turned out to become a market as a criterion for the selection of seals of producers. This fact influenced both the PAA-Leite, as also restricting the insertion of farmers in both programs, since, being part of the dairy industries with inspection dependent on the PLP to function, it is essential that the program is not paralyzed. In establishing selection criteria that small farmers can not meet, dairy companies seek to mitigate the costs inherent in the inclusion of family farmers in the programs, since the category needs a differential institutional arrangement to be included in the programs.

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Page publiée le 6 avril 2019