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Universidade de Brasília (2017)

Políticas de desenvolvimento regional e rede de cidades no Semiárido : concentração, polarização e fragmentação

ALVES, Adriana Melo

Titre : Políticas de desenvolvimento regional e rede de cidades no Semiárido : concentração, polarização e fragmentação

Auteur : ALVES, Adriana Melo

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Brasília

Grade : Doutorado em Geografia 2017

Résumé
The purpose of this research was to understand the reach of intraregional productive integration and of the role of network of medium-sized cities in the process of developing the Brazilian Semi-Arid area. The basic assumption was that the productive structuring, the territorial division of labor and capital flows reflect and condition the format of the cities network. These relationships also reflect broader processes linked to the recent dynamics of capital, such as globalization, capitalist productive restructuring and the knowledge economy, as well as the Brazilian state action oriented by different strategies, especially in phases of the developmentalism, neoliberalism and neodevelopmentalism. A bibliographical research included, between the years 1880 and 2016, the relations between regional policies of different trends and the process of delineating the cities network on the national scale, in the regional scale - specifically in the Semi-Arid area, and on the micro regional scale, involving ten micro regions polarized by medium-sized cities : Feira de Santana (BA) ; Campina Grande (PB) ; Mossoró (RN) ; Vitória da Conquista (BA) ; Vale do Ipojuca (PE) ; Petrolina (PE) ; Sobral (CE) ; Paulo Afonso (BA) ; Cariri (CE) ; e Arapiraca (AL). An applied research investigated, in the neodevelopmentalism phase, the relationship between polarizing medium-sized cities and productive integration in the set of these micro regions. The results pointed out that, on the national scale, the policies that contributed to delineating the network cities polarized in the Atlantic side and the Central-South were of the "top-down" type and were based in a partial development view, with the competitiveness strand in the focus of performance. The equity perspective was a secondary or complementary concern. At the regional scale, the set of micro regions analyzed revealed a dynamic and competitive Semi-Arid. Although with new activities and initiatives articulated to the international market, dynamism in the region has shown to be polarized, concentrating and prone to reproduce the hybrid form of the country’s development pattern. This model was the result of the State’s action in promoting regional leaps of economic growth favored by fiscal incentives, economies of scale or major infrastructure works, although there were subsequent attempts, with more fragile actions, aiming to reduce the levels of inequality. Thus, the policies adopted contributed to define, in the Semi-Arid area, a cities network displaying "islands" fragmented under the social and the productive point of view.

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Page publiée le 26 avril 2019