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Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (2007)

A Chapada Diamantina e a convivência com o Semi-Árido : Ameaça de desarticulação e dissolução de comunidades locais

Cruz, Myrt Thânia de Souza

Titre : A Chapada Diamantina e a convivência com o Semi-Árido : Ameaça de desarticulação e dissolução de comunidades locais

Auteur : Cruz, Myrt Thânia de Souza

Université de soutenance : Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo

Grade : Doutorado em Ciências Sociais 2007

Résumé
The objective of this thesis is to comprehend the process of disarticulation threat and dissolution of communities in the semiarid region of the Chapada Diamatina plateau. A systematic study was made, using as an example an area denominated Cercado, situated on top of the Serra do Cigano, following the horse trail that leads to the San Francisco River. The study seeks to reconstruct the history of the colonization of that region, strongly marked by despotism, materialized through the phenomena of bossing and coerced votes. From the local residents, tales of the fight for existence and life maintenance in that region were retrieved. Eminently verbal, the narratives were based on the memory of those still in the region and others that have left. The social relations reproduction process under the shelter of the merchant world has brought serious consequences to the rural communities of the Chapada Diamantina plateau which live in a mere subsistence agrarian economy, degrading their way of life and not rarely leading to their dissolution. The continual struggle of these people in search of ways to satisfy their needs promotes solidary practices that make viable to live in the semiarid nature, although this does not guarantee the preservation of their ways of life in the face of the transformations generated by modern times. As a consequence of the difficulties imposed by the disarticulation process, the singularity of their life experience makes them active historical agents in their settlement, in working the land, in putting together their tasks and in the resistance to maintain their knowledge about medicinal plants, folklore costumes and their religiousness

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