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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1984 → RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN A STRATIFIED FULANI COMMUNITY (NIGER, NOMADS, AFRICA, SAHEL)

Howard University (1984)

RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN A STRATIFIED FULANI COMMUNITY (NIGER, NOMADS, AFRICA, SAHEL)

Wilson, Wendy

Titre : RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN A STRATIFIED FULANI COMMUNITY (NIGER, NOMADS, AFRICA, SAHEL)

Auteur : Wilson, Wendy

Université de soutenance : Howard University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1984

Résumé
Say, Torodi and Gueladio in Say arrondissment (province), Niger Republic, were in pre-colonial times, important towns in a Fulani hegemony based in Say and extending southwards in to present-day Boukkina-Faso. Elements of the social and economic organization that were predominant in the pre-colonial era among the communities of Gueladio and a neighboring village, Wuro Diallube, are still observable today. Social groupings include the former captives of the clan, lineage serfs, and noble Fulani. In spite of changes brought about by colonialism and the development of the modern state, some socio-economic characteristics prevail due to lack of change in the resource base (cattle, farmland, and pastureland) and lack of change in technologies used to exploit these resources. Pressure on the current land-use system and its attendant socio-economic order is reflected in attempts by the elites to maintain control of land and in the out-migration of former captives of the clan. Direct challenges to the system are neglected as a choice by the latter in favor of movement out of these communities. Interdependence between dispersed cattle-rearing communities of former "elite" and "free" Fulani in Say continue to be more crucial to cattle production than technologies that the modern state has thus far been able to offer. The inherent conflict between elite herder land tenure control and increasing external alternatives for farming community members brought about by the modern state will ultimately lead to new-challenges to the land-use system.

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