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2015

Biogas a reality in the valley of the Senegal river in Mauritania

Mauritanie

Titre : Biogas a reality in the valley of the Senegal river in Mauritania

Pays : Mauritanie
Localisation : Bababe Region of Brakna

Date : 2015 (?)

Contexte
Mauritania is a country of the Sahel where more than 2/3 of the national territory is essentially deserted. The zone of intervention is located in the valley of the Senegal stream, in the South Mauritanian. Corresponds administratively to the Department of BABABE (48.867 inhabitants), in the Region of Brakna. It is one of the region’s most populated of Mauritania and has a total of 228.559 inhabitants (107.631 men and 120.928 women), which represents 10% of the country. In the zone of intervention, their families are too big. They count 10 to 15 people (grandparents, parents, uncles, aunts, sons, etc.). Most part of the households is poor. The main economic activity is husbandry (cows, goats, sheep), completed by the cultivation of Diéri and of irriguee. In the village there is also a feminine cooperative that counts today 504 adherents (at least a woman per family is affiliated). The members of the cooperative practice market gardening and artisanal and commercial, but the production is low and the incomes very small

Résumé
The environment of the valley of the Senegal stream is very fragile and exposed to several factors of deterioration. Indeed, this small strip of less than 20 km along the Senegal stream constitutes the main agricultural zone of the country. This valley plays an essential role in food security at the national level. At the same time, it also concentrates on the main zones of grazing. In this context, all relative action for local development and particularly the relative actions to food security that require hydro agricultural planning having certain impact on local resources (water, vegetation and soils), from where the necessity to take in account the environmental aspects to preserve all deterioration of resources or otherwise to attenuate the effects, in this context of persistent drought and pluviometric risks, the rural community living from husbandry in this zones are very vulnerable because of the pressure that is exercises on the woody resources due to its use as sources of energy or its deterioration linked to the agricultural planning. The women are the most directly touched by this vulnerability.

Descriptif
The strategy adopted was to include a process of popularization of biogas in these zones on several stages. The first stage was to put in place a pilot unit having all assets for the setting up in place of a system. It is thus in the locality of Ari Haara has been targeted like demonstration site : This first phase of demonstration is made exclusively in a constituted locality of peulh breeder where there is a strong animal concentration in order to assure sufficient raw material ; It will lean on the local feminine cooperative that assures the management of systems in order to generate incomes permitting generalization in all households of feminine organizations. The second stage was to run a campaign of communication in the entire villages on the project after its beginning. It is about the organization of exchange visit between the feminine cooperatives and different locality. Thus, several cooperatives coming from other localities came to visit the project on the solicitation of the feminine cooperatives, the OESS (organization of the enhancement of the Senegal stream) financed a phase of extension of the project in other localities.

Initiative by : Development), OESS (Organisation for the Enhancement of the Senegal Stream) Initiative supported by : Tenmiya

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Page publiée le 1er juin 2019