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2001

A municipal plan of action for urban agriculture in Nouakchott – Mauritania

Mauritanie

Titre : A municipal plan of action for urban agriculture in Nouakchott – Mauritania

A municipal plan of action for urban agriculture in Nouakchott – Mauritania Mauritania 07.10.2015 Ecosystem : Agriculture urbaine Food security, fight against poverty and urban management in a context of scarcity of water resources – profile diagnosis (2001-2004)

Pays : Mauritanie

Date/Durée : 2001-2004

Résumé
In a process of research – action initiated by the French-speaking Network for the development of urban agriculture, a profile diagnosis on agriculture in the city of Nouakchott is elaborated. It is about a diagnosis and an analysis of the constraints to which is confronted agriculture in the city (deficit in water, land issues, sanitary risks) and of the potentialities and opportunities that it offers in the setting of the struggle against poverty, food security and the fight against blindness, in the first place. And secondly, to elaborate with all actors of the city a municipal plan of action permitting to mitigate the identified constraints. The problems of urban agriculture arise from two main factors : the lack of water resources and land issues.

Descriptif
The adopted strategy was to engage in a process with several stages starting from a participatory appraisal, the setting up of a three years action plan, to the elaboration of micro projects. The process is driven under the municipal anchorage and implied different actors concerned : the technical institutions of agriculture, the development partners, the funding bodies and the urban market gardeners. The elaborated municipal action plan addresses the need of developing agriculture and to preserve agricultural spaces in urban milieu. The plan of action has been broken down into projects aiming at eliminating mainly the constraints linked to the insufficiency of water resources and access to land. It promotes new techniques and agricultural technologies and develops a new funding approach in adequacy with the local realities.

Bénéficiaires : Local population of Nouakchott, market gardening, producers of Dar Naim, the municipality of Dar Naim, Tenmiya.

Financement : The municipal plan of action permitted to capture the attention of the funding agencies and development partners such as UNDP, the Spanish cooperation or the United States embassy in Nouakchott. The farmers also showed a full interest for the process while participating in the elaboration of the action plan and the identification of projects

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