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2000

Agro ecological Program of support to the agricultural and pastoral development (Council of Tinzaouaten - Algeria)

Algérie

Titre : Agro ecological Program of support to the agricultural and pastoral development (Council of Tinzaouaten - Algeria)

Pays : Algérie
Localisation : Valley of the council of Tinzaouaten, situated in the Adrar of the Iforas at the border between Mali and Algeria.

Date/Durée : 2000 – 2006

Contexte
At the end of the touaregue revolt, in 1993, numerous nomadic families settled in the valley of the council of Tinzaouaten, situated in the Adrar of the Iforas at the border between Mali and Algeria. This valley spreads to about five kilometers and the banks of the wadi are constituted of terraces alluvium with beneath permanent underground water. It is therefore a source of wealth for oasis agriculture but, in case of strong rises of the water level, that wadi can annihilate the work of the farmers. Those farmers, newly settled supported by the CARI since 1999, wished to arrange this space in order to install a real oasis and to thus assure steady incomes

Descriptif
Strong points of the project :
* The project favoured the implication of the population in the management of their soil in that nomadic tradition region. The creation of the steering committee permitted the local actors to engage their responsibility and to become fully-fledged partners of the project ; * The project showed the interest of reinforcing the tie between different actors of the same zone, in the goal to manage together and for a long time their patrimony : use of desert zones by the pastoralists knowing the resources of their milieu and improvement of islets of arable lands by the sedentaries with agro ecological techniques ; * The activity of gardening is considered like an element of stabilization and like a possibility of withdrawal in case of too big precariousness in this milieu still semi – nomadic but in a rapid evolution. A competent gardener will know how to find necessary supports to invest in steady installations (basin, séguias, walls, fences…) and in cash crops plantations (date palm tree, fruit trees, nurseries…). Moreover, to secure the arable lands generated a kind of land speculation that valorizes the farm work ; * By effect of mimetism, other gardeners settled on new lands, what creates new need of man power to irrigate, to weed, to trim, to harvest. Craftsmen and tradesmen are also concerned by that agricultural activity that involve tools, seedlings, cement, spare pieces, that is to say as many new remunerative activities ; * The research of persons” technical local trainers” resulted there in building the capacities of several gardeners and to put them in charge of numerous tasks to pursue the sensitization action to agro ecology towards the other gardeners. Each of these technical local trainers has in its residential area a true influence ; * The youth employment is at the center of the village concerns and the agricultural activities can contribute to it. Various demands have been expressed in that line ;

Porteur du projet : CARI (Centre d’Actions et de Réalisations Internationales), PAADAP Programme Agroecologique d’Appui au Developpement Agricole et Pastoral

Partenaire (s) : The CCD supported the project, then the general Council of Hérault, the French ministry of ecology and of sustainable development, the NGO Medafrica and lately the IREMLCD/CILSS.

DRYNET

Page publiée le 14 août 2019