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2004

Combating desertification through agro-forestry approaches in semi-arid Tharparkar district – Pakistan

Pakistan

Titre : Combating desertification through agro-forestry approaches in semi-arid Tharparkar district – Pakistan

Implementation of a concept to plant and protect trees in Thar [[region

Pays : Pakistan

Date : 2004

Résumé
The livelihood and food base of people of Tharparkar depends largely on grazing animals and partially on subsistent agriculture. Agriculture is mainly dependent on monsoonal rains which are erratic and variable in quantity and to a very little extent, sweet groundwater is available at very few places. By the initiative of SCOPE, Pakistan, more than a dozen agro-pastoral farms have been successfully set up since January 2004 The local farmers received training on pasture and agro-forestry management to foster a sustainable way to mitigate the effects of drought in an unfavorable environment.

Contexte
This arid and semi arid region is situated mainly in the Tharparkar district, popularly called Thar Desert located in the southern part of province ; it is bounded to the south-west by Badin district, to the north-west by Mirpurkhas and Umarkot districts and to the east and south by India’s Rajasthan and Gujarat states. It occupies an area of around 22,000 square kilometers or 15.61% of the total geographical area of the province or 2.76% of the country and has population of about one million people. The population of the district is a mix of Muslim and Hindu.
Effects of drought on the community The effects of droughts are severe manifested in the form of : * food shortages and increase in food prices * scarcity of fodder (& increase in fodder prices) * drinking water scarcity * change of water quality (change of water from potable to brackish) * overgrazing of pasture lands by large number of cattle * Increase in land degradation and desertification * Decrease in agricultural production * decrease in the rates of animals * increase in indebtedness * increase in malnutrition specially among women and children. * increase in drop out of children from schools to work as labourers

Descriptif
The formation of agro-pastoral farm had provided abundant opportunities to the village people to cultivate crops and trees for the purpose of providing fodder for the livestock in time of drought. The purpose was to develop resilience against persistent drought and food security for the local population and animals. The establishment of agro-pastoral farm contributed in forming a sustainable provision of fodder for the livestock. An agro pastoral farm is a fenced farm owned by individual family in which about 2-3 acre land is fenced to preserve wild bushes, grasses and trees. The fence is reinforced with plantation of live thorny bushes. SCOPE supported farmers in water resource development, water conservation, selection of crops and trees, provision of seeds and plant material, through credit support. A portion of the farm is reserved for cultivation of food and fodder crops and rest of the area is further planted by grafted beri and other useful trees including Prosopis cenereria. The purpose of these agro-pastoral farms was to develop resilience against persistent droughts and to establish food security for the local population and animals.

DRYNET

Page publiée le 6 juin 2019