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Kenya (2019)

Understanding Vulture Movements in Kenya’s Southern Rift Valley to Inform Wind Farm Development and Energy Infrastructure

Bill Okemwa

Titre : Understanding Vulture Movements in Kenya’s Southern Rift Valley to Inform Wind Farm Development and Energy Infrastructure

Pays : Kenya
Zone d’intervention : Kitengela

Date : 8 Jan 2019

Bénéficiaire : Bill Okemwa

Contexte  : In Africa : South Africa has over 5 operational wind farms ; while Lesotho is planning to install about four thousand wind turbines. Tarfaya in Morocco has a capacity of 301 MW and Ashegoda in Ethiopia generating 120 MW. Lake Turkana Wind Project in Kenya will be Africa’s largest while many farms are proposed in Kenya’s Southern Rift Valley.

Description
Considering its larger impacts on birds of prey, its development and expansion should be carefully evaluated in its potential environmental impacts. Both direct and indirect impacts of wind energy vary spatially and differ among the species but are more severe on critically endangered vultures. Beyond the gains of economic development, creation of employment opportunities and access to low green-house gas emission energy, the environmental costs of expanding wind energy development could be substantial, particularly with regards to increasing potential extinction risks of critically endangered vultures. There is an urgent need to understand the threats of wind development on endangered vultures and their habitats with an aim of mitigating potential impacts from wind development. Overall, the survival and conservation of critically endangered vultures and other birds of prey can be achieved by ensuring environmentally sound wind energy development practices. This project therefore seeks to understand vulture movements in Southern Kenya to inform wind farm and energy infrastructure development to minimize those impacts and aid in sustainable development of renewable energies.

The Rufford Foundation

Page publiée le 12 juin 2019