Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets 2014 → Sustainable economic development and employment promotion in Afghanistan (SEDEP)

2014

Sustainable economic development and employment promotion in Afghanistan (SEDEP)

Afghanistan

Titre Sustainable economic development and employment promotion in Afghanistan (SEDEP)

Pays : Afghanistan
Localisation : Six northern provinces of Badakhsan, Baghlan, Balkh, Kunduz, Samangan and Takhar.

Durée : 2014 to 2020

Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Agence d’exécution : Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MoCI)

Contexte
Around 40 per cent of the Afghan population are underemployed or unemployed, and women are worst affected. Every year, around half a million young men and women enter the labour market. Given the security situation and the political uncertainty following the withdrawal of international troops, businesses are reluctant to invest – and young people struggle to find jobs. Around 80 per cent of the population work in agriculture, agricultural processing and agricultural trade. Agriculture in Afghanistan is mainly subsistence farming, and productivity is low. Surpluses are mostly exported as raw produce. Poor quality and high production costs mean that it is difficult to produce processed goods that are regionally competitive and capable of replacing imports or serving the export market. There is little cooperation along the value chains : production, procurement, marketing and interest groups rarely interact. As a result, there are not enough jobs in the private sector and on farms.

Objectifs
Sustainable productive employment and income opportunities have been created for economically active men and women in the six northern provinces of Badakhsan, Baghlan, Balkh, Kunduz, Samangan and Takhar.

Approche
The project improves the value chains for poultry products, milk, wheat and vegetables, as well as for walnuts, almonds and pistachios. It develops the technical, organisational and business skills of employees and managers and establishes networks between the stakeholders. Training is given to service providers and interest groups so that they are able to tailor their services to future demand. Close interaction between public and private sector decision-makers along the value chain increases the visibility and legitimacy of the Afghan state and strengthens mutual trust among those involved. In all activities, there is a particular focus on the interests and concerns of women. Together with its partners, the project rehabilitates or sets up rural micro-infrastructure such as irrigation and storage systems. Where necessary, the people and the municipal authorities are taught to operate these facilities themselves. In 2017, the project began implementing the Returning to New Opportunities programme in Afghanistan. By integrating people into local training and employment programmes, the programme offers returnees, refugees, internally displaced persons and disadvantaged local groups better opportunities for a fresh start. To this end, the project is working with both domestic and international non-governmental organisations, primarily in rural regions. The project’s partners are the GFA Consulting Group, Caritas International and Hand in Hand International.

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 2 juin 2019