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Wadi el Ku catchment management project (Sudan)


Titre : Wadi el Ku catchment management project (Sudan)

Pays : Soudan
Lieu : Eid El Beida, Abudelik, Waa’dha, Wad Kota and Bahr Omdurman, Kilmondo, North Darfur, Sudan

Date : January 2016 - March 2017

Contexte : North Darfur is one of the most drought prone areas of Sudan. Most of its population live in rural areas where they depend on natural resources to support agriculture or animal husbandry. Recurrent drought and flash floods can cause food insecurity for many farmers and pastoralists and their families in Sudan. Limited natural resources also contribute and can lead to conflict at local level.

Objectif : This project is working with communities in a 50km stretch of the Wadi El Ku catchment in North Darfur to demonstrate how effective, inclusive natural resource management can improve livelihoods through enabling sustainable increases in agricultural productivity. This will be achieved through the rehabilitation and improved management of land, forest and water resources. The intent is to create a model for inclusive and effective catchment management that can be replicated elsewhere in Darfur.

This project reduces vulnerability to water related hazards such as droughts and floods, to support community livelihoods and reduce conflict through sustainable dryland management, using a variety of technologies. * Stabilising wadi banks to reduce erosion * Planting trees, shrubs and grasses for soil conservation * Rehabilitating the hafir (dam) * Promoting agro-forestry systems and crescent terracing * Enlarging community forests * Building earth dams for irrigation * Improved access to food for vulnerable households
More than 40,000 tree seedlings have been planted. Some of these will stabilise the wadi banks while others form part of the community forest. This season the terraces that were constructed flooded and successfully improved the amount of water harvested. Farmers have been busy planting land flooded by their terraces.
In Goz Beina, the rehabilitated hafir has significantly improved water availability for both the local communities – with three villages taking water from this hafir – and passing pastoralist communities. This hafir is placed in a strategic location next to a migratory route and livestock grazing area. Participating communities commented that as a result of improved water availability people have been able to remain in the villages after the end of the rainy season whereas in previous years they have had to leave for other areas which don’t suffer from water scarcity.
Sail Mayit and Korga water harvesting dams have an enormous impact on the livelihoods and lives of farmers. It has irrigated more than 1,200 acres of wadi agricultural land, from four communities displaced by conflict in early 2014. The dams have encouraged and enabled many displaced communities to return to settle in their villages. They have also successfully buried many of the deep gullies that lay upstream, encouraging further spreading of wadi water to arable land.

An assessment of the impact of these dams was carried out with the following results : * 69% of farmers have introduced new crop types after the dam was constructed citing increased water availability as their main reason for doing so. * 87% of farmers reported an increase in production as a result of the dams

Bénéficiaires : 22,881 men and 19,830 women

Partenaire (s) : United Nations Environment Programme

Financement : Principal funders : European Union - $444,500

Practical Action

Page publiée le 8 août 2019, mise à jour le 9 mai 2020