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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 1986 → Education for community participation in rural development in the Sahel

University of London (1986)

Education for community participation in rural development in the Sahel

Bobillier, Claude Walter

Titre : Education for community participation in rural development in the Sahel.

Auteur : Bobillier, Claude Walter

Université de soutenance : University of London

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) : 1986

Résumé
This is a study about the role of community participation, education and training in the development of two villages in a Sahelian country : Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta). The purpose of the study is to examine the degree of participation of various social groups in the local decision-making processes and in development projects, especially in educational and training activities. More specifically, the study considers the extent to which different degrees of people’s involvement influence the outcome of rural development programmes and looks at the conditions which encourage community participation. The factors involved in such processes and activities are described, as are the issues which characterise a number of non formal education programmes assigned to enhance rural development. Finally, the study assesses the role and influence of outsiders in village development programmes. Two hypotheses are tested by the study. These postulate that development from above ignores the perceived needs and knowledge of villagers and that the creation of a dialogue between the latter and external agents requires a greater synthesis and understanding of each other’s contribution than has been the case until now. From 24 rural communities, two destitute villages, with a different ethnic and religious background, have been investigated and compared over a period of three years. In the field of education and training, this study’s findings suggest that education, if it is to be a useful component of the rural development process, can never be confined to the formal school. Non formal education activities, combining elements of the total learning environment, have a vital role to play in the training of all social groups and in the long-term satisfaction of the two communities’ most essential needs. Results also show that in the villages latent educational resources are under-utilised and local talents and knowledge remain largely unharnessed. They also indicate that education takes many forms which can be adapted to meet the aspirations and learning needs of diverse groups. In the decision-making field, results show that the outcome of development projects is directly related to the degree of control that villagers have over the various stages of such activities : the higher the degree of control, the greater the likelihood of success. They also indicate that appropriate and steadfast government and voluntary agency support to local decisions and initiatives is another crucial component of successful rural development. Finally, the findings of this study — which should be of value to rural development workers concerned with the promotion of self-reliance — show that even in the poorest rural communities of the Sahel, the illiterate subsistence farmer can and must become a dynamic and essential partner in the development process.

Mots Clés : Burkina Faso ; Decision making Education Sociology Human services Education Sociology

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