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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 1988 → Change in values and the meaning of the built environment in Algeria : A case study of Bou-Saada

University of Nottingham (1988)

Change in values and the meaning of the built environment in Algeria : A case study of Bou-Saada

Chenaf, M.N.

Titre : Change in values and the meaning of the built environment in Algeria : A case study of Bou-Saada.

Auteur : Chenaf, M.N.

Université de soutenance : University of Nottingham

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) : 1988

Researchers in the field tend to concentrate on the failure of architects to design according to people’s understanding of their built environment. This study concentrates however, on the failure of the user himself to achieve a balance and consistency between the form and use of architectural spaces he/she produces, as well as his failure to express clearly his cultural identity through built form, which in return, jeopardises the mission of the architect. Unlike the traditional house which clearly expresses Islamic values, the message in the modern house is confusing. It seems to be a combination of traditional and western architectural elements. Furthermore, the western design features (eg : balconies and fenced front yards) seem to be desirable although never used. The western facades are totally independent from the layout of the house which suggests an inward looking organisation towards the courtyard. The questions raised are : why should people build architecutural spaces which they do not use ? (eg : balcony), what do they mean for them ? and finally what are the rules by which they shape their houses. The method used to answer the questions above is based on Osgood’s semantic differentials and Kelly’s construct theory. Findings reveal that people perceive, evaluate and shape their houses according to the values they hold about housing. These values are in decreasing order of priority : religion, family cohesion, security, privacy, neighbouring, functioning, recreation, aesthetics and prestige. The rank-order of these values was found to vary slightly for people from different age and sex groups and residential areas. The mixture of architectural styles and the loss of the Algerian architectural identity seem to result from an internal inconsistency within people’s values whiich is due to a change in the meaning of some of the latter. Change in values is in turn found to be a consequence of the intensive contact between the Algerian culture which is based on Islamic teachings and Western values which lead to a phenomenon of `acculturation’. Change in the house and its surrounding is found to be affected by `internal’ and `external’ factors. The internal factors include the change in the meanings of values, their priority in housing and the way they are related to the built form. The external factors consist of the planning regulations concerning housing and the layout of neighbourhoods. Finally, this study also includes recommendations for the problems associated with the perception of the built environment and change in people’s values. These are namely : the `conservation’ issue, the raise in building plots prices, and the planning authority

Présentation : EThOS (UK)

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