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University of Manitoba (2003)

Sustainable livelihood as an important factor in food security and community development in Bogos Region, Eritrea

Cheway, Thomas Ghebreyesus

Titre : Sustainable livelihood as an important factor in food security and community development in Bogos Region, Eritrea

Auteur : Cheway, Thomas Ghebreyesus

Université de soutenance : University of Manitoba

Grade : Master of Natural Resources Management 2003

Résumé partiel
The primary objective of t].is study was to anaryze and to determine the sustainable livelihood issues in the Bogos Region of Eritrea that play an important role in achieving long term food security and sustainable community development in the region. Bogos is one of nine tribes in Eritrea. Bogos people are known as Blin, which can be used to refer to the people as well as their language. Bogos is located at the central part of Eritrea where the western plains and the central range of mountains meet. The author being born and raised in Bogos, used Bogos as an example to show that sustainable livelihood is an important factor in food security and coÍununity development generally in the developing world. Despite the unique socio-cultural aspects of Bogos, most of the study also applies to many conununities in Eritrea. As part of the developing world, almost alr communities in Eritrea rely upon natural resources for their livelihood and related socio-cultural activities. Given that, to achieve and maintain sustainable livelihood that ensures long term food security of the communities in Eritrea, it is important to have corununity based research like this, which focuses on individual corrmunities and address their specific socio-economic issues. In the case of Bogos corrununities, the finding of this study show natural resources and related activities are the corner stone not only in rebuilding the war torn infrastructure and institutions, but also in achieving sustainable livelihood and maintaining sustainable community development in tJle region. Water resource and water related issues are identified as the overriding factors, which affect other natural resources availability, utilization, and development in achieving sustainable livelihood and long-term food security in the region. As its findings, the study also addressed the wide range other important natural resource factors that contribute to the sustainable livelihood of people in Bogos namely : livestock, vegetation and forestry, as well as cropping and gardening.

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Page publiée le 16 octobre 2019