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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Royaume-Uni → 1994 → Building with earth : traditional architecture and new technology with special reference to Saudi Arabia

University of Wales (1994)

Building with earth : traditional architecture and new technology with special reference to Saudi Arabia

Al-Jadeed, Mansour A I.

Titre : Building with earth : traditional architecture and new technology with special reference to Saudi Arabia.

Auteur : Al-Jadeed, Mansour A I.

Université de soutenance : University of Wales. Cardiff,

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) : 1994

Résumé
In Saudi Arabia, the uncritical adoption of the building materials and styles of the industrialised world has led to a total neglect of traditional architecture and construction skills that may represent centuries of valuable experience in coping with climatic conditions and accommodating social and cultural needs. This study argues that rather than this wholesale transplantation, Saudi traditional architecture should be studied to rediscover those principles that are vital for the development of a satisfactory modern architecture. The purpose of this thesis, therefore, was to attract the attention of architects and other building professionals as well as the public in Saudi Arabia towards the potential of traditional earthen architecture and make them aware of some lessons that vernacular buildings can offer. Those lessons could, if properly understood, promote the reintegration of modern architecture into local contexts from which it has been excluded. The present study utilised two complementary procedures to accomplish its objectives. The first was a field work that was undertaken by the author between March and June 1991. Four months of intensive travel and research into Saudi’s remaining earthen architecture was undertaken through personal observations and interviews with old master builders. Visual inspection of the major causes of deterioration in earth buildings was also carried out during the survey that was supported by photographic documentation. As a result of this survey, four traditional architectural styles are identified in the four main geographical regions of the country. Each style reveals an evidence of people’s response to local contexts. This response has resulted in a series of architectural languages that were characterised by richness, simplicity, functionality, and the use of local building materials that dictates most of the building’s final shape and gives each region its distinctive character. Four traditional methods of house construction in the different regions have been described in detail with special reference to building materials used. The second procedure was a laboratory work that was carried out in order to obtain better understanding about the effect of different parameters, related to the soil mix and manufacturing process, on the strength and quality of stabilised soil-cement blocks.

Annonce : EThOS (UK)

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