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University of Nottingham (1994)

Factors influencing adoption of new agricultural technology in dry areas of Syria

Mazid, Ahmed M Mounir

Titre : Factors influencing adoption of new agricultural technology in dry areas of Syria.

Auteur : Mazid, Ahmed M Mounir

Université de soutenance : University of Nottingham

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy s (Ph.D.) : 1994

Résumé
The main objective of this research is to develop an approach and model to identify, quantify, and evaluate the factors that influence adoption of new technology in the dry areas in Syria. It focuses on use of fertilizer on rainfed barley as a case study of a new technology. Barley and wheat cover the largest cultivated area in Syria. Barley is the most common crop and occupies the largest cropping area. It is grown in the drier areas using traditional practices and materials ; both barley grain and straw are used as livestock feed. A diagnostic farm survey in 1982 on barley production found average barley yields are about 0.5 ton/ha, and about 10% of farmers use fertilizer on barley. In 1984, ICARDA and the Soils directorate of Syrian Ministry of Agriculture initiated a collaborative project to assess the biological effectiveness and economic viability of fertilizer use on barley in dry areas. The results of this project indicated that fertilizer is profitable, simple to apply, not risky, observable, compatible with the farming system, and environmentally sustainable. These results led to a new agricultural policy allocating fertilizer to barley producers in the dry areas. Adoption rate is the most important factor influencing potential impact in terms of increasing barley production. Some rainfed barley farmers have adopted fertilizer, but others have not adopted it yet, especially those in the drier areas ; 87% of farmers in Zone 2 but only 47% in the drier Zone 3 were using fertilizer on their barley in 1993. Therefore, this research was carried out to identify the factors that influence the adoption of fertilizer in these areas. Four major sets of factors were hypothesized as being key issues for adoption behaviour of farmers. These sets of factors were "the farming system", "farm resources", "farmers characteristics", which included personal and psychological components, and "institutional and communication" factors. Each main factor was represented by many variables, and every variable was investigated separately by using simple statistical methods to compare characteristics of farmers who have adopted the fertilizers with those who have not. However, understanding adoption behaviour of farmers’ requires that the analyst has to look beyond the relationships between single variables. Therefore, an econometric approach using Logit Model was applied to identify the most important factors influencing adoption behaviour of farmers. The results indicated that there were differences between agro-ecological Zones related to the factors influencing adoption behaviour. In Zone 2 for all adopters versus non-adopters, the following four variables : "sharecropping arrangement", "farm size", "farmer’s age at adoption time" and "fertilizer source" were key factors influencing the adoption action. In Zone 2 for the earliest adopters versus all other farmers, six factors were the most important in explaining adoption behaviour. These included "cooperative membership", "how the farmer sees himself as progressive", "percentage of barley in the farm", "number of farming information sources", "having off-farm activities" and "how the farmer sees himself as flexible". In the drier Zone 3, "fertilizer availability", "off-farm activity", "farm size", "seeing a fertilizer demonstration trial", "soil fertility" and "fertilizer source" were key factors effecting the adoption of fertilizer technology. At the total sample level, it was found that "cooperative membership", "fertilizer availability", "farmers’ attitude to rainfed farming job", "how the farmer sees himself as progressive", "percentage of barley area in the farm" and "number of farming information sources" were the most important factors influencing the adoption process. The recommendation for policy implications in the dry areas of Syria were based on the findings of this research such as making fertilizer available for all barley producers in the dry areas, encouraging farmers to be members in agricultural cooperative, increasing number of farming information sources, solving the difficulties of obtaining fertilizer at suitable time, and design an appropriate Extension Programme that would take into account psychological factors of farmers ; also there were suggestions for future research.

Annonce : EThOS (UK)

Présentation (ResearchGate)

Page publiée le 26 mai 2009, mise à jour le 6 novembre 2018